|Complete the following statement: The articulatory properties of vowels differ in several aspects from those of consonants,
mainly in the degree of vocal tract opening. It refes to:
Acoustic difference Suprasegmental aspects
____ is the alternate use of two or more variables in the same conversation or sentence. It is traditionally considered a spoken,
informal mode of speech but can also be found in writing.
Dialect Code-switching Accent.
Choose the best answer for the following sentence: When I left the museum, she __________ me her phone number.
gave give was giving.
The oblique object is a type of structure that is used when… the beneficiary of a verb is the complement of to or for the beneficiary of a verb is the complement of a noun.
the beneficiary of a verb is modifying a noun phrase.
Which of the following sentences is correct? We will have completed already our research by Monday We will not have taken yet the final exam.
We’ll already have finished by then.
Which of the following is correct: Language, Literature and Culture are completely different aspects of Human existence
Language and Literature are used to express and share Culture Literature is confined to historical documentation of a group of people
Complete the following statement: In phonological analysis, segmental features refer to ________, which correspond fairly well to
vowel and consonant sounds.
Choose the correct answer. Syntactically, ____ is a large construction expressing full meaning and forming a grammatical unit. It
has two main constituents: an NP that occupies the subject position, and a VP that functions as the predicate:
A clause A sentence An statement.
The branch of Linguistics that studies physical properties of speech sounds, their physiological production, acoustic properties,
auditory perception, and neurophysiological status, is called:
The Affective Filter hypothesis embodies Krashen's view that a number of 'affective variables' play a facilitative, but non-causal,
role in second language acquisition. Which are these variables? Motivation, self-confidence and anxiety Personality, learning strategies and motivation Self-confidence, age and anxiety.
Choose the topic sentence that best completes the paragraph below. ____ Leslie had many birth defects. He had to have his
eyes removed and did not stand until he was 12 years old. He had difficulty doing the same things that other people do not think
about, such as swallowing food. Yet, Leslie is able to play a piece of music after hearing it only once. He is a true savant. Many people think Leslie Lemke is a musical genius. Leslie Lemke was adopted when he was six months old. Leslie Lemke is a musical genius who has many disabilities.
Syntax establishes the use of three different types of sentences: simple, complex and compound. In regards to compound
sentences, they are formed by two clauses linked by a connector. Hence, their structure would be______.
One dependent clause, a subordinator, and one independent clause One independent clause, a coordinating conjunction, and one dependent clause
One independent clause, a coordinating conjunction, and one independent clause.
If you were reading an unknown piece of text, which textual cues would help you to determine the approximate time period the
story was set in?
Clothing, speech patterns, vocabulary and behavior How old the book appears, the names of the characters and the type of food eaten There really isn´t a way to determine the time period. You just have to wait for the author to reveal it
For the purposes of Culture and literature this concept implies the possible application of interpreting by means of performance
as well as analysis aswering interpretation historical context.
Choose the correct conditional sentence that expresses the same idea as the following information I´m so busy. That’s why I don’t
read bedtime stories to my little girl.
If I were so busy, I would read bedtime stories to my little girl. If I was so busy, I will read bedtime stories to my little girl.
If I weren’t so busy, I would read bedtime stories to my little girl.
Choose the correct option for each sentence
Janice must not have understood me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner.
Janice mustn't have understood me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner. Janice must not understand me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner.
Voicing refers to: audible escape of air following some consonant sounds movement of tongue inside the vocal tract
activity of the vocal cords.
Modifiers can be obligatory or optional. It depends on the role each constituent has within a sentence to determine the types of
modifiers it includes. For instance, in the sentence: “Michael and Ana are considering to visit New York next month” New York
works as a part of the_____ subordinator to link the verb and the object. adjunct of the verb visit
complement of the verb visit.
Choose the correct option to complete the paragraph. Marin had a difficult time living in Paris. She didn't have a job to keep her
busy, and she also didn't speak the language, so it was hard for her. ________, she was homesick and didn't enjoy being away
from all her friends and family.
Furthermore For instance Afterwards.
When an adult speaker deliberately simplifies , modifies and adapts his/her speech according to age, status, education or cultural
background of a speech partner, or mixes two or more languages in the same speech, this phenomenon is called:
non- standard language code switching language behavior.
Teaching pronunciation depends directly on the student´s proficiency level; therefore, the teacher has to plan to teach
pronunciation in a progressive way. Analyze the options and select the one that reflects the correct order in which pronunciation
must be taught to EFL students. At the beginning level, the teacher focuses student´s attention on prosodic elements such as intonation in different sentence types, voice quality, rhythm and so on.; at the intermediate level, the attention is centered on teaching
the stress of words and sentences; and, at advanced level, pronunciation goals focus on articulation of vowels and
consonants At the beginning level, the teacher focuses student´s attention on the correct articulation of vowels and consonants; at the intermediate level, the attention is centered on prosodic elements such as intonation in different sentence types, voice quality, rhythm and so on; at advanced level, pronunciation goals focus on stress of words and sentences. At the beginning level, the teacher focuses student´s attention on the correct articulation of vowels and consonants; at the intermediate level, the attention is centered on teaching the stress of words and sentences; and, at advanced level, pronunciation goals focus on prosodic elements such as intonation in different sentence types, voice quality, rhythm and so on.
Choose the correct option to complete the information below. The notion of this discipline is necessary for areas of crosscultural communication, for correct use of language in general, because it is considered the goal of language education, and it is
necessary element in efficient classroom practice. It refers to Linguistic competence Universal Grammar theory. Communicative Competence.
Applied Linguistics is usually defined by linguists as the academic discipline that is concerned with the relation of knowledge
about language in general to decision making in the real world, and it is because it: expands the knowledge about the world languages represents one of the requirements for students previous to become efficient teachers.
offers solutions to language – related problems.
Which statement best represents the idea of a ¨Culture¨? The growth or cultivation of the minds of humans, in this moment and over time The written words produced by a group of people The art and music produced by a group of people.
Why may Sociolinguistics be interesting for educators? Choose the option that Does Not answer the previous question.
Teachers must know the fact that there is dialect variation in the target language just as there is in their native
language. All language teaching implies the best dialect (standard) to teach.
Because Standard English belongs exclusively to certain English speaking countries. Sociolinguistics may help understand the development and changes of languages
Read the paragraph. Then answer the questions that follow. Gilles Tréhin is an interesting savant who created an imaginary city
in his head. Gilles has drawn hundreds of sketches to provide the details of this city, which he named “Urville.” He has been able
to draw three-dimensional objects since he was five years old. He has also written a history of Urville and published a book about
the city. Gilles is an example of a savant who lives in his own world. What is the topic sentence of the paragraph?
Gilles Tréhin is an interesting savant who created an imaginary city in his head. Gilles has drawn hundreds of sketches to provide the details of this city, which he named “Urville.”
He has been able to draw three-dimensional objects since he was five years old.
If you use Have + objective + base form of the verb , it means… to force a person or animal to do something.
to cause a person or animal to do something. to persuade a person or animal to do something.
Choose the correct option for each sentence We better get going soon, or we won't make it to the game on time We'd better get going soon, or we won't make it to the game on time We'd better to get going soon, or we won't make it to the game on time.
Choose the correct option to complete the paragraph. When the substitute teacher entered the class yesterday, she didn't
introduce herself so Maria said, "Who are you?" It was strange that Maria had to ask ________.
who the substitute is who was the substitute who the substitute was.
What is the meaning of the following sentence? My parents ought to have move away from that neighborhood.
Moving was a good idea, but they didn’t do it There are moving away next week. They’re are going to move, but they’re not sure when.
Which are the five basic active articulators? The lip, The flexible front of the tongue, The middle/back of the tongue, The root of the tongue together with the epiglottis and The larynx The lip, The flexible front of the tongue, The throat, The root of the tongue together with the epiglottis and The nose The lips, The tongue, The soft palate, The epiglottis and The larynx.
Complete the following statement: In phonological analysis, segmental features refer to ________, which correspond fairly well to
vowel and consonant sounds. morphemes
Performative Constructions can be used in common situations in simple present tense; however, they are mainly used for… actions that are habitual as routines legal and religious affairs
actions that will happen at any time.
Choose the words that present vowel reduction phenomenon:
bottle, window, sky, cake bag, tone, pitch, star nation, certain, student, pencil
Please choose the correct answer from the choices presented. Accent and dialect are aspects of language variety. Accent is defined as a pattern of pronunciation; while a dialect involves particular choices of words that differ from the standard language. With these ideas in mind, choose the statement that illustrates a form of accent:
Speakers of English from different regions or social groups will produce vowel sounds and full sentences with a
different intonation Speakers of English will combine words in different ways depending on the region or social group they come from.
Each English speaker has a particular form of speaking according to his/her background.
Performative Constructions can be used in common situations in simple present tense; however, they are mainly used for… actions that are habitual as routines
legal and religious affairs actions that will happen at any time.
Choose the words that present vowel reduction phenomenon: bottle, window, sky, cake bag, tone, pitch, star nation, certain, student, pencil.
Read the editorial. Then use the information to complete the activities that follow. Creating a Smartphone Monster 1 remember it as if it were yesterday—walking through the front door of my mother’s house and shouting, “It’s here!” Mom poked her head out of the kitchen, rolled her eyes when she saw the smartphone packaging, and then disappeared again. Not the best start, I’ll admit. Still, I had done my research, and all the latest studies showed that it was very helpful for seniors to learn how to use new technology devices. So, I decided I would be the one to make it happen! 2 Hours later, I finally ensured that her email account and contacts were set up. I did not relent until we reviewed a few apps1 and figured out the all-important ringtone. It was a long night, but even as I left, I knew that my mother had only retained half of what I had told her (if I was lucky). It’s not that there’s anything wrong with her. In fact, she’s one of the smartest people I know. It’s just that she came from a generation that didn’t have mobile phones at all, let alone smartphones. This influx of information was all very new and confusing. 3 After a few days of phone calls, her anxiety slowly diminished until my mother finally stopped asking how to do every little thing on her phone. It wasn’t until I had the urge to go shopping with her that I became conscious of the monster I had created. You see, Mom was now a smartphone addict. She used her phone for everything. Should I wonder aloud about anything at all, she would twitch excitedly and say, “They have an app for that.” She was also suddenly a compulsive email checker—the same woman who used to go days at a time between email responses. 4 But her biggest dependency was her texting. My jaw dropped when I came out of a store and found her fingers moving at the speed of light. “Mom!” I called to her, but she was “in the zone” and the temptation to continue texting was apparently too great. (I learned later that she was discussing a recipe with Aunt Lucy.) Trying to get her attention, I reached for her phone, triggering what could only be described as the mother-daughter cat fight of the century—right
in the middle of a shopping mall. All the while, she clutched her smartphone as if her life depended on it, screaming “Help!” at the
top of her lungs. 5 Later, that evening, I told my husband about her smartphone dysfunction and how we would have to slowly wean her away from using it. Hopefully she wouldn’t have any withdrawal symptoms. I watched him literally cry from laughing so hard. “Don’t you see the humor in all of it?” he finally asked when he saw I wasn’t smiling. I think my silence answered his question.1 app: application, or program for a mobile device According to the information, which of the following statements is false?
The author’s mother does not want the smartphone when the author gives it to her The author’s mother never really understands how her smartphone works The author believes her mother should not use her smartphone as much as she does.
Choose the option that does NOT fit the category of language–related problems: scientific description and classifications of world languages translation, interpretations, language usage in general, literary genres and styles, machine translation use and analysis of language variations, dialects, registers, and language codes
Words containing rounded vowels are: g a rage, m ay , p ai n, l ea ve, e ven, s a ve au ction, o ver, b oa t, o ctopus, th ou gh
ab o ve, l a ck, p i ne pl ou gh, b u s.
The clause “Anabelle is laying on her bed” belongs to the type of copula verb called:
Ascriptive Locative Equative
Read and choose the correct definiton of Classroom Observation Scheme. It consists of a set of predetermined categories used to record and describe teaching and learning behaviours
It is essentially practical, such as need to learn the language in order to get a better job It is based on the desire to know more about the culture and community of the target language group and even a
desire to be more like members of that group.
Choose the most suitable application of Sociolinguistics for education: Choose the most suitable application of Sociolinguistics for education: It focuses on the role of language behavior for education and language acquisition
It provides description of language variations and explains the changes of language through time
Read the following description, then match it to the corresponding hypothesis. It is a metaphorical barrier that prevents language
acquisition The Affective Filter hypothesis The Acquisition-Learning hypothesis The Natural Order hypothesis.
Choose the option that best completes the following statement: ________ claim that children are born with a “sort of template”
which enables them to acquire language. Sophists
Which of the types of questions are best to ask when analyzing a text? Who, what, where, when, why, how, what if Why was this story written?
Is this story interesting and would I recommend it to another person?
Choose the couple words that represent minimal pairs : haze - blaze rows- rose hear – hair fair- file nose- noise could–good would–good coat-goat would – wood knot- not sent – scent lake- pray.
When an adult speaker deliberately simplifies , modifies and adapts his/her speech according to age, status, education or cultural
background of a speech partner, or mixes two or more languages in the same speech, this phenomenon is called: non- standard language
Read this introduction and choose the thesis statement. In our local area, there are many community service projects that
young people can take part in. Of the opportunities which exist, some of the most important projects are those focusing on environmental protection. This is because raising awareness of environmental issues is one of the most important issues of our times. Beach cleanups are one way that young people can help the environment, but there are many other opportunities, too. In our local area, there are many community service projects that young people can take part in Of the opportunities which exist, some of the most important projects are those focusing on environmental protection Beach cleanups are one way that young people can help the environment, but there are many other opportunities,
Some theories, models, and perspectives have different points of view of second language acquisition. Which of the following options refers to the statement that “ Knowledge is constructed through interaction and collaboration with others”?
The cognitive perspective The behaviorist perspective The sociocultural perspective.
The following sentence contains a mistake. Choose the option that has the same sentence written correctly. Remember to check
punctuation. If I do not like something I bought online, then I returned it. If I do not like something I bought online then I returned it.
If I do not like something I bought online then I return it. If I do not like something I bought online, then I return it
Read this introduction and choose the thesis statement. Many people disagree with the idea of requiring students to participate in mandatory community service projects. They argue that such projects are ineffective because they are often short term. Moreover, they say that these projects may even discourage young people from volunteering of their own accord in the future. In this essay, I will explain why these objections are incorrect, and will provide a number of arguments in favor of mandatory community service projects.
Many people disagree with the idea of requiring students to participate in mandatory community service projects.
They argue that such projects are ineffective because they are often short term. In this essay, I will explain why these objections are incorrect, and will provide a number of arguments in favor of
mandatory community service projects.
Create coherence by arranging the random statements of a paragraph: 1. In these rural areas 70 percent of the available agricultural land suffers from dryness and lack of irrigation. 2. As a result, the crops are usually marginal with hardly enough production to feed the farmer's family. 3. The first fact to consider is that over 60 percent of the population live in rural communities. 4. In my country, one of the most urgent problems facing the government today relates to agriculture. 5. And without irrigation, agricultural production is wholly dependent on the uncertain rainfall. 6. To understand the nature of this
problem one has to look at some of the facts.
2 -6 - 5 - 1 - 3 - 4
4 -6 - 3 - 1 - 5 - 2
4 - 5 - 1 - 3 - 6 - 2.
Choose the answer that best completes the following sentence: A reliable test demonstrates the degree of correspondence of the characteristics of a given language test task to the features of a
target language task. measures what it proposes to measure. It relies as much as possible on performance. is consistent and dependable. If the same test is given to the same student or matched students in two different
occasions the test should yield similar results.
Analyze the following situation. Which strategy is the teacher applying? As Miss Alvarado prepares her lessons for the next week, she also gathers concrete objects to support the students´ understanding. Besides; her school is near to a little park where she will be able to take the students on a walk to connect language acquisition with the surrounding environment.
Integrated Curriculum Projects. Realia Strategies Total Physical Response (TPR).
One of the principles of language teaching, in curriculum design, refers to language system. This principle is applied when the
teacher...... designs activities where the learners work cooperatively to learn the content of the language.
focuses attention on predominantly regular features of the language in order for learners to be able to use the
language creatively checks the sequence of items to see that strongly related items are not presented together to avoid learners’
Decide which of the following statements correctly works as the hook of an introductory paragraph This essay will argue that it is possible for today's developing countries to industrialize without serious environmental
compromises, but only if developed countries are willing to provide financial and political assistance. The need to limit human impact on the environment and to avert catastrophic environmental change is
unquestionably the most significant long-term challenge facing policymakers today Data suggests that the industrialized nations are in fact making considerable progress in reducing their levels of
pollution and other environmental damage; however, developing countries such as China and India are industrializing
rapidly, and it is widely believed that this industrialization is likely to have significantly negative environmental effects.
Read the given paragraph, and chose from ‘ a ’ to ‘ c ’ the statement that makes the best topic sentence for the paragraph. [Topic sentence.] On Sunday, unlike the other days of the week when he works, my dad spends the whole day with me watching football on TV. We even eat lunch together while watching. The highlight of the day is watching the Dolphins game. Dad and I get so excited, we yell and cheer together. [Concluding sentence] Sunday is my favorite day because I my father stays late at work.
Sunday is my favorite day because my father and I do chores around the house.
Sunday is my favorite day because I spend the day watching football with my dad.
....play a significant role in EFL teaching and learning since they provide useful ready-made material to both teachers
Course books Standards and principles
Curriculum and materials.
Analyze the following case: In Mr. Pollitt’s class, the students have some confusion understanding the word order of some grammatical structures. In order to help them, Mr. Pollitt has taken some sentences from collaborative retell and cut apart each word; then he has his students put sentence back together like a puzzle. After that, he asks to create new and more complex
sentences as the students progress. What strategy for the development of language is Mr. Pollitt using? Syntax surgery Collecting and processing words
From the following examples, which one does not refer to induction? I have a bag of many coins, and I’ve pulled 10 at random and they’ve all been pennies, therefore this is probably a bag
full of pennies Since all squares are rectangles, and all rectangles have four sides, so all squares have four sides. Every time you eat peanuts, your throat swells up and you can’t breathe. This is a symptom of people who are allergic
to peanuts. So, you are allergic to peanuts.
Choose the option that best completes the following statement: is a completed study that reports an investigation or exploration of a problem, identifies questions to be addressed, includes the collection and analysis of data, and advances an interpretation of the data. Research report Portfolio Investigation.
One of the specific characteristics of Qualitative Research is that .
we need to develop a deep understanding of the central phenomenon.
we analyze trends, compare groups, or relate variables using statistical analysis.
we will include a substantial amount of information in the Literature Review.
In curriculum design, there are many topics that are addressed in a number of different places within the program requirements while other topics are addressed by specific courses. In order to integrate those topics at a meso and microcurricular level, curriculum designers use as a paradigm for formalizing the integration across the curriculum. academic threads learning outcomes
If test measures what it proposes to measure and offers meaningful information about a student´s ability, so this test is:
Practical Valid Accountable.
Choose the option that best fits the definition below. is designed to develop basic communication skills. The development stages are: (1) Comprehension (preproduction), (2) Early Production, and (3) Speech Emergence.
Language Experience Approach Total Physical Response
Reorganize the given outline (from 1 to 6) so it meets the right organization of a ‘process’ paragraph. 1. When the popping has finished, take the pot out of the stove, spread salt to taste and enjoy it. 2. As soon as it starts popping, keep moving the pot without uncovering it 3. As it was seen, making popcorn is a matter of four easy steps. 4. This process starts by heating oil in a
pot. 5. The process to make popcorn is made up of four simple steps. 6. Then, spread the kernels in the pot and cover it.
4 - 6 - 2 -1 - 3 - 5 4 - 6 - 5 - 2 - 3 - 1
5 - 4 - 6 - 2 -1 - 3
Materials need to have which suit the students and their needs since some of them are appropriate for a particular class but not for other.
an appropriate and consistent design an underlying instructional philosophy, approach, method and technique a textbook, a workbook, pictures, CDs, videos, handouts, white board among others.
Needs analysis can play a major role in determining the content of courses, particularly for language items. steps of the environment analysis. number of students for the course.
Read the following research topic and identify which research design it is. The reasons for students not attending to tutorials. Quantitative research design
Mixed research design Qualitative research design.
Choose the option that best completes the following statement: A good facilitates the reading, understanding, and
composing of a research study. It can be determined by examining the headings and by looking for the process steps of research. Research Structure of the study purpose statement
Which of the following techniques can be used when students have problems at the moment of understanding high frequency vocabulary in a text? Ignore the word Replace the word in the text with a low frequency word. Make a glossary before the learners read the text .
Choose the option that best matches this definition: Its purpose to be as useful as possible to the people who are going to use it. There are different formats; in most of the cases, the educational institutions are the ones who provide teachers with them, if not you can use the one you prefer. Pair work or group work The value of repetition Lesson plan
Choose the option that best completes the following statement: is a completed study that reports an investigation or exploration of a problem, identifies questions to be addressed, includes the collection and analysis of data, and advances an interpretation of the data.
Portfolio Research report .
Which of the following can be used to check the student’s skill at word recognition? Reading logs Reading aloud Speed reading graphs