1. Post-structuralism derives from philosophy because a. it studies fixed structures of language in literature.
b. it emphasizes the difficulty achieving secure knowledge. c. it analyses the way political thought emerges in language. d. it focuses on theoretical ambivalences.
2. According to post-structuralist thinking, a. language provides us with a fixed view of the world.
b. the concept and the verbal sign closely relate to each other. c. language helps us to see reality accurately. d. the verbal sign floats free of the concept.
3. Barthes introduced in literary theory the new idea that a. the reader and language produce the text.
b. the text is produced by the author. c. the text is produced by the critic. d. the reader generates critical authority.
4. The term “New Historicism” was coined by a. Barthes
b. Foucault c. Greenblatt d. Derrida.
5. New Historicism considers any text from the past gets its meaning by a “threeprocess”
of a. language, discourse and the author.
b. politics, historical discourse and present ideology. c. future interpretations, present reading and past literary theory. d. discourses from the past, present ideology and language.
6. Surveillance, according to Foucault, is maintained by a. discursive practices within the body politic
b. physical force and intimidation c. discourse and political theory d. prison and technology.
7. “12 O’Clock News” by Elizabeth Bishop is characterized by a. the absence of metaphors and figurative language.
b. the marked rhyme and rhythm. c. the unusual way in which the text is displayed on the page. d. the syntactical complexity of its first two stanzas.
8. What of the following texts could be appropriately analyzed through the lenses of New Historicism? a. Hamlet
b. “A Refusal to Mourn the Death…” c. Heart of Darkness d. All of the above.
1. Which of the following phrases best defines a post-structuralist approach to the text? a. Search for cohesive and unifying elements.
b. Treat the text as the product of a superior mind. c. Study it along with a co-text. d. Read the text against itself / “against the grain”.
2. Foucault’s notion of ‘discourse’ has to do primarily with a. discrepancies among theorists.
b. power structures influencing society. c. the reproduction of oral speech in writing. d. periods and movements in literary history.
3. According to Moi, the term ‘female’ is biological, whereas a. ‘feminine’ is political.
b. ‘feminist’ is political. c. ‘feminist’ is culturally defined. d. ‘feminine’ is an established essence.
4. Feminist critics examine the canon in order to a. discard diaries and letters by male authors.
b. explain why women writers have written mostly fiction. c. explain why women writers used pseudonyms. d. rediscover and reassess works by women.
5. Post-colonial critics are especially aware of a. representations of the non-European as ‘Other’.
b. Western fascination with Eastern philosophies. c. matriarchal non-European societies. d. the cultural weight of languages like Sanskrit or Arabic.
6. What do Spivak and Bhabha have in common? a. They are influenced by Foucault, but they attack Derrida’s work.
b. They are “less theoretical” than Said. c. The influence of post-structuralism. d. Their emphasis on poetry rather than fiction.
7. Which is the historical context of Thomas’s “A Refusal to Mourn . . .”? a. American opposition to the Vietnam War.
b. London suffering the Blitz. c. Evacuation of children to the country during World War II. d. The Galipolli Campaign during the First World War.
8. Which are Kurtz’s last words in Heart of Darkness? a. “After the first death, there is no other”.
b. “The musky odor of pinks filled the air”. c. “Tonight is the night of the full moon”. d. “The horror! The horror!”.