1. Which theories are the one that claim a relation ship with innate mechanism and knowledge Nativist
Interactionist Krashen´s monitor theory Krashen´s monitor theory.
2. When humans are genetically supplied with a language-specific endowment, it is called. universal grammar poverty of stimulus input theory input theory.
3. False cognate are examples of positive transfer Tru False.
4. Chomsky claims that input data alone. encloses characteristics of oral language e.g hesitations is sufficient to guarantee language acquisition is an inadequate excellent way to learn a language. is not sufficient to guarantee language acquisition.
5. Negative transfer is the positive use of a language pattern when learners speak their native language an error or inappropriate form in the target language. when learners are not motivated to speak the L2 language.
6. At what age can children understand most of their parents speech. 3-4 0-1 month 1-2 6-7.
7. We can claim that UG is a universal notion and it. applies only to English language applies to Spanish and English doesn´t apply to languages applies to any language in the world.
8. Linguistic grammar which has to be learned is called. core grammar universal grammar pheripheral grammar parameters.
9. This hypothesis summaries the relation ship between the acquired and the learned system: the affective- filter hypotheses the input hypotheses the acquisition-learning hypotheses the monitor hypotheses.
10. Krashen states that the type of input that can be understood by students is called. comprenhensible affective-filter natural- order monitor.
11. Schumman proposed that Alberto didn´t learn the native language dueto. intelligence factors social and psychological factors cognitve factores motivation factors.
12. When members want to become like L2 speakers and adapt their lifestyles we are talking about. negative transfer acculturation type three acculuration type one acculturation type two.
13. The significance of Zisa´s model resides in its attempt to connect. emotional factors with internal psycholinguist processes contextual factors with internal psycholinguistic processes cognitve factors with internal psycholinguist factors innate factors with contextual factors.
14. Schuman describes social distance as a group phenomenon consisting of. en factors six factors nine factors eight factors.
15. Language shock is according to Schumman. is a psychological factor an affective factor cognitve factor an effective factor.
17. In the case of third language acquisition. errors in negative transfer occur less errors in negative transfer occurs more there is no negative transfer there is more confusion in learning the language.
18. If we want improve language learning in early years, we need too. decrease the time children are exposed to L2 improve teacher training leave things as they are begin teaching them at a much later age.
19. Ellis states that adults have an initial advantage mainly with. grammar speaking listening reading.
20. Ellis states that children can acquire a native-like accent. in formal learning contexts in informal learning contexts when they are over 10 years they cannot acquire a native-like accent.
21. Universal grammar is a term used by: Krashen Chomsky Schumann Skinner.
22. Pre-school children Should be able to recognize their names in print when shown in flashcards. Should not attempt to write letters in their own name Shouldn´t use symbols or drawings to express ideas Cannot point to or recognize letters in names.
23. According to Murado-Bouso it is important to take into account the different aspects that children acquire in written comprehension and productions. The areas are. Prosodic and segmental features Dictation and spelling Morphology, semantics, syntax Symbols and images.
16. Burstall studies showed that learners who started to learn a language later were. not able to learn the language constantly inferior were the same as the ones who started earlier constantly superior.
24. Negative transfer in the use os a native language pattern or rule leading to an error or inappropriate form in the target language True False.
25. All of the following are correct Hypotheses of Krashen´s (1982) Monitor Model except: Natural Order Hypothesis Input Hypothesis Critical Period Hypothesis Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis.
26. The theory that claims that nurture or experience affects learning is called Interactionist Environmentalist Nativist theory Schumann´s Pidginization hypothesis.
27. When both innate and environmental factors in second language influence learning and development are know as Interactionist Environmentalist Nativist theory Schumann´s Pidginization hypothesis.
28. ZISAS model demonstrates how different learners follow different paths in their learning and connects Contextual factors with external psycholinguist processes Contextual factors Psycholinguist processes Contextual factors with internal psycholinguistic processes.
29. There is real evidencie that learners who begin learning as children are able to reach higher levels of L2 ability than those who start learning in adolescence or adulthood True False.