|1. Which theories are the one that claim a relation ship with innate mechanism and knowledge Nativist
Interactionist Krashen´s monitor theory Krashen´s monitor theory.
3. False cognate are examples of positive transfer Tru False.
4. Chomsky claims that input data alone. encloses characteristics of oral language e.g hesitations is sufficient to guarantee language acquisition is an inadequate excellent way to learn a language. is not sufficient to guarantee language acquisition.
5. Negative transfer is the positive use of a language pattern when learners speak their native language an error or inappropriate form in the target language. when learners are not motivated to speak the L2 language.
6. At what age can children understand most of their parents speech. 3-4 0-1 month 1-2 6-7.
7. We can claim that UG is a universal notion and it. applies only to English language applies to Spanish and English doesn´t apply to languages applies to any language in the world.
8. Linguistic grammar which has to be learned is called. core grammar universal grammar pheripheral grammar parameters.
2. When humans are genetically supplied with a language-specific endowment, it is called. universal grammar poverty of stimulus input theory input theory.
9. This hypothesis summaries the relation ship between the acquired and the learned system: the affective- filter hypotheses the input hypotheses the acquisition-learning hypotheses the monitor hypotheses.
10. Krashen states that the type of input that can be understood by students is called. comprenhensible affective-filter natural- order monitor.
11. Schumman proposed that Alberto didn´t learn the native language dueto. intelligence factors social and psychological factors cognitve factores motivation factors.
12. When members want to become like L2 speakers and adapt their lifestyles we are talking about. negative transfer acculturation type three acculuration type one acculturation type two.
13. The significance of Zisa´s model resides in its attempt to connect. emotional factors with internal psycholinguist processes contextual factors with internal psycholinguistic processes cognitve factors with internal psycholinguist factors innate factors with contextual factors.
14. Schuman describes social distance as a group phenomenon consisting of. en factors six factors nine factors eight factors.
15. Language shock is according to Schumman. is a psychological factor an affective factor cognitve factor an effective factor.
17. In the case of third language acquisition. errors in negative transfer occur less errors in negative transfer occurs more there is no negative transfer there is more confusion in learning the language.
18. If we want improve language learning in early years, we need too. decrease the time children are exposed to L2 improve teacher training leave things as they are begin teaching them at a much later age.
19. Ellis states that adults have an initial advantage mainly with. grammar speaking listening reading.
20. Ellis states that children can acquire a native-like accent. in formal learning contexts in informal learning contexts when they are over 10 years they cannot acquire a native-like accent.
21. Universal grammar is a term used by: Krashen Chomsky Schumann Skinner.
22. Pre-school children Should be able to recognize their names in print when shown in flashcards. Should not attempt to write letters in their own name Shouldn´t use symbols or drawings to express ideas Cannot point to or recognize letters in names.
23. According to Murado-Bouso it is important to take into account the different aspects that children acquire in written comprehension and productions. The areas are. Prosodic and segmental features Dictation and spelling Morphology, semantics, syntax Symbols and images.
16. Burstall studies showed that learners who started to learn a language later were. not able to learn the language constantly inferior were the same as the ones who started earlier constantly superior.
24. Negative transfer in the use os a native language pattern or rule leading to an error or inappropriate form in the target language True False.
25. All of the following are correct Hypotheses of Krashen´s (1982) Monitor Model except: Natural Order Hypothesis Input Hypothesis Critical Period Hypothesis Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis.
26. The theory that claims that nurture or experience affects learning is called Interactionist Environmentalist Nativist theory Schumann´s Pidginization hypothesis.
27. When both innate and environmental factors in second language influence learning and development are know as Interactionist Environmentalist Nativist theory Schumann´s Pidginization hypothesis.
28. ZISAS model demonstrates how different learners follow different paths in their learning and connects Contextual factors with external psycholinguist processes Contextual factors Psycholinguist processes Contextual factors with internal psycholinguistic processes.
29. There is real evidencie that learners who begin learning as children are able to reach higher levels of L2 ability than those who start learning in adolescence or adulthood True False.
30. Children can use grammar almost correctly when they are 1-2 years 3-4 years 5-6 years 6-7 years.
31. In schools assembly and routines are important because they allow Teachers to express themselves and to learn concepts in a gradual way The teacher to start the class in a different way each time The teacher to start the session in the same way every time. Children enjoy watching videos, singing and dancing during assembly.
32. A technique we can use to facilitate oral expression and communication with gestures to teach English to early learners is: The use of videos and CD´s Recording devices Power point presentations Drama.
33. Pidginization refers to: The learning of a second language in both formal and natural contents A simplified form of a language especially used by immigrants A complex form of a language especially used by native speakers Emotional factors that affect the learning of a language.
34. Oller and Nagato´s research carried out in a Japanese school found that when learning a second language: Older learners quickly caught up to those who had started earlier Older learners did not catch up with those who started earlier There was no difference between early starters an late starters Neither early or late learners were not able to learn a second language.
35. Acording to Pennock-Speck the innovate condition states that we should Not get involved in ICT when it might result in too much for student or teachers Only use ICT when they bring something new to teaching practice. We should not use ICT if they are too expensive and not worth the financial outlay Never use ICT.
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36. Match the names on the left with the theories on the left 1. Krashen´s 2. Chomsky 3. Skinner 4. Schumann.
37. Universal grammar is a term used by Krashen Chomsky Schumann Skinner.
38. Pre-school children Should be able to recognize their names in print when shown in flashcards Should not attempt to write letter in their own name Shouldn´t use symbols or drawings to express ideas Cannot point to or recognize letters in names.
39. According to Murado-Bouso it is important to take into account the different aspects that children acquire in written comprehension and productions. The areas are: Prosodic and segmental features Dictation and spelling Morphology, semantics, syntax Symbols and images.
40. What is the Zisa project? A cross-sectional study A project developed at the University of Hamburg in the late 1970s A longitudinal study All of the above (a,b,c,correct).
41. What do we call positive transfer? It happens when the native language and the second language have similar structures- so it easier to learn the second language. It happens when the native language and the second language do not have similar structures and thus it is more difficult to learn the second. It happens when our native linguistic rules are transferred to the use of the second language, causing errors. None of the previous.
42. According to the critical period Hypothesis, the critical period is... A period during which children have a critical behavior A period during which children are not exposed to languages and that cannot develop their linguistic skills. A period during which children can acquire language easily and without instruction Adolescence.
43. What kind of children learn in a kinesthetic way? Children who don´t like to move Children who learn by moving Children who learn when they pay attention Children who learn by coping words written on the blackboard.
45.What is a synonim of naturalistic instruction or environment? Traditional learning Formal instruction Natural learning Learning in nature or in parks.
45. What do interactionist theories say? That knowledge is based on experience. That there is an interaction among innate abilities, learned abilities and environment factors That language learning is based on innate mechanisms. That languages can only be learned through interaction with other people.
46. Some advantages of using drama activities in the pre-school clases are: Children learn words and use gestures, so they express and enjoy themselves Children learn to memorize words in English Children just have to play with puppets Children learn to use new technologies.
47. Chomsky´s Universal Grammar theory states that... All languages in the world have the same grammar When children are given a stimulus, they answer only after the stimulus is repeated or reinforced. All humans are born with a natural talent to learn languages Language learning is only based on experience.
Match the following concepts with their definition Teacher education Teacher training Teacher development.
Accordingly, Pennock-Speck proposes a series of condition or constraints for the use of ICT´s CInnov CEcon CEffort.
Children, they pass from using their voice for crying to say single syllables (without sense at first and then with sense). 0-1 1-2 2-3 4-5.
They understand most of what parents say to them, they can say simple words, they start to say sentences but these are not correct grammatically. 1-2 2-3 4-5 5-6.
They understand almost everything, learn new vocabulary very fast, express what they like, invent the words when they don’t know them, make grammar mistakes, ARE ABLE TO START WITH ACTIVITIES THAT PREPARE THEM FOR READING AND WRITING 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5.
They can understand practically everything in their mother tongue and can figure out the meaning of some words in a foreign language. 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6.
They understand everything. They can have pronunciation problems but can correct themselves. They learn very fast. 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6.
They almost control grammar and start reading and writing 1-2 2-3 4-5 5-6.
From 6 to 7: They don’t make mistakes with grammar and they can read and write. 2-3 3-4 4-5 6-7.
55. Thanks to the UG we can face the problem of: The poverty of the stimulus input data core grammar negative evidence.