English final

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Título del test:
English final

Descripción:
Test de ingles

Autor:
AVATAR

Fecha de Creación:
04/03/2019

Categoría:
Idiomas
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Temario:
Applied Linguistics is Known as Langages relared problem solving discipline becose it: provides a insight on how lanngages are learned, taught, and used in different context contains several branches and applications that make it versatile and practical for educators explains language functions from scientific point of view and adpats tem to teaching-learning purposes focuses on descriptions of languages and its functions.
The sentence "The mouse that the cat the dog chased ate had a little white tail" is grammatically correct. However, It's difficult to grasp its meaning at the first glance. This language phenomenon is kown as code switching attestedeness feasibility.
"English has both regular an irregular verb forms, together with regular and irregular noun plural forms", "English language has formal and informal grettings forms", "Reduced forms are present in informal spoken language" These statements describe______________ Descriptive approach to language study Language variations Prescriptive approach to language study. morpho-syntactic.
The notion of this discipline is necessary for areas of cross-cultural communication, for the correct use of the language in general, because it is considered the goal of language education, and it is a necessaryelement in efficient classroom practice. It refers to: Linguistic competence Communicative competence Input theory to language learning.
______________ is a term in linguistic, which refers to a language user's grammatical kowledge of syntax morphology, phonology and the like, as well as social knowldege about how and when to use utterances appropriately. That is why; it is the goal of language educaction and an important elemnt for students' efficient classroom practice. Linguistic cometence Communicative competence Lexical comptence.
The field of study that identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to laguage related problems and deals with the study of a second and foreign language learning and teaching is called: Discourse analysis Applied linguistics Pragmatics.
When learners show to have unconscious knowldege of geammar that allow them to use a language, it is said that they have Communicative competence Linguistic competence Lexical competence .
The author of Universal Grammar Theory or Innatist was Frederick Skinner Jean Piaget Noam Chomsky.
The author of Behaviourist theory was Frederick Skinner Jean Piaget Noam Chomsky.
The author of Cognitivist theory was Frederick Skinner Jean Piaget Noam Chomsky.
___________is a process that occurs when a language learner progresses to a certain point but then has a hard time making further progress. Hypercorrection Fossilization Accuracy .
This language variation refers to the use of informal words, expressions, phrases that are not considered standard in the speaker´s language. It refers to: slang jargon dialect .
The "universal grammar" theory implies that: the same set of grammar rules is shared by all human languages all human beings have an inner ability to use grammar rules in their native language. certain languages have very primitive grammar systems .
In which of the following situations would you use seats in orderly rows? When you want to help Ss reduce the barriers between teachers and students, it also allows students to see each other, students can share feeling and information through talking, eye contact or expressive body movement. For explaining a grammar point, watching a video/DVD or a PowerPoint presentation, using the board or showing student work on an overhead transparency. It is also useful when students are involved in certain kinds of language practice. When you want to make it easier to monitor students’ work. This seating arrangement is appropriate when students are working in collaborative writing or when they are doing a jigsaw listening exercise. .
A lesson plan includes different parts which make it effective; one of them is “procedures”. Which of the following options describes it? Teachers attach examples of the material they are to use with the students to their plan. Teachers include patterns of interaction, timing, activities to be used to explain contents, etc. Teachers make a note of supplementary tasks they could include if things go quicker than anticipated.
Analyze the following scenario and decide the best option for the teacher. All students are working on preparing a dialogue except for two pairs who have already finished. Let the rest of the students finish the activity of assign them to work on other extra activities that can or cannot be related to the topic of the lesson. Be flexible to cope with this unforeseen event and adapt to the changing circumstances which will change the course of the lesson plan. Stop the activity immediately, which may cause a difficult situation frustrating all those who did not get a chance to finish the activity.
In which of the following situations is peer observation more successful? When the class has been videoed and shown to the supervisor to make the necessary adjustments. When both teachers discuss the content and practice of the lesson both before and after the observation. When journals are kept to record teachers’ thoughts about what happened as soon as possible after the lesson has finished.
If teachers want a learner to present a commentary on a book to the class or a reading group, which of the following activities do they have to use? Discussion groups Oral book reports Glossing.
Which of the following activities make students work on instant writing? At the beginning of the day the teacher asks students to write about themselves and their day as if they were writing a weather forecast: What’s the weather like now? Students built up a letter in reply to an invitation on the board, sentence by sentence. Each time a new student goes up to the board, the rest of the class can help by offering suggestions or alternatives. Students are presented with a stereotypical statement and asked to amend it to reflect the opinions of the group.
1Identify the name of the technique that the following example illustrates. “The teacher tells the students a rule about singular countable nouns, and the students apply the rule to some material”. Identification Understanding explanation Answering questions .
Teachers typically attempt to create a friendly, safe and cooperative classroom environment. This is done because of which of the following reasons? Make a teacher’s life easier by having relaxed students. Prevent complaints from students and parents. Reduce anxiety in the learner which affect their willingness to communicate. .
When preparing activities for a class, a good teacher should be aware that One-way listening is typically associated with… Institutional listening (following institutional commands). Transactional listening (the transfer of information). Interactional listening (maintaining social relations).
A teacher using bottom-up listening process should be aware that… The listeners go from the whole to the parts using their prior knowledge and inference. The listener assembles the messages piece-by-piece from the speech stream, going from the parts to the whole. The listener understands the message immediately from prior experience and analysis. .
Meanings are shaped by context and constructed by the listener through the act of _________ meaning rather than receiving it intact. Dissecting Displacing Interpreting.
2. A teacher conducting the activity “Listening to stories” would be conducting what type of exercise? Meaning-focused input Meaning-focused output Language-focused learning.
1. From what we know about learning, meaning-focused listening typically emphasizes a… Top-down approach Bottom-up approach Mixed methods approach .
Each phrase in English has one essential element, which determines the type of phrasal structure. For example, if the headword is a noun, then the structure containing it is a noun phrase. Therefore, … nouns, verbs, adjectives and prepositions can function as the head of a phrase. conjunctions, nouns, verbs, and adjectives can function as the head of a phrase. nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs can functions as the head of a phrase. .
The structure “Roger Federer plays tennis beautifully”, illustrates an English clause, which, according to the rule, contains basically: A verb phrase followed by a noun phrase referring to person and a verb phrase in past. A noun phrase referring to the person performing an action or event, and a verb phrase referring to the action being performed. A phrase referring to an event or action and a phrase referring to the person performing the action or event. .
1. Passive constructions take a passive subject in initial position; the passive subject agrees in number and person with the verb. This sort of agreement is illustrated in: There were some bananas on the table. Give me the bananas on the desk Some bananas were left on the table for you.
___________are used to change the meaning of a word by adding an affix. For example, the addition of the suffix –er to a noun like “garden” creates a new noun with a different meaning. The newly created word refers to a person who tends a garden. Inflectional and derivational affixes. Inflectional affixes. Derivational affixes.
The grammatical distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs plays an important role when choosing the complement configuration a particular verb can be inserted in. For example, … The verb BREAK in Peter broke this glass is transitive because it is followed by a direct object. The verb WRITE in She wrote a new novel is intransitive because it is followed by an indirect object. The verb LIVE in the clause He lives in Bogota is transitive because it takes a direct object.
Words like: because, before, after, if, among others establish specific relationships of condition, reason, time, etc.; therefore, they introduce adverbial clauses. In grammar, these words are regarded as… Complementizers Subordinators. Coordinators. .
The segmental aspects of speech are represented by: Consonant and vowel phonemes Stress, length, pitch, tone Intonation and prosodic elements.
Which of the following groups of words are ROUNDED. Pay attention to the boldfaced underlined vowels in the words below. lake, apple, egg lost, hut, doubt author, soap, warship.
1. Which of the following organs of speech belong to articulators? Alveolar ridge Upper teeth Tongue.
1. Classify the italized consonants in the words below according to their characteristics as VOICELESS: Jacket, boat, rule Phonetics, map, universe Large, jump, leak.
1. Simple vowels are in the words: post, gate, break, loose pale, smile, mouse, university tan, lost, wet, authority.
Read the following context. Then answer question This case study investigated how local Thai teachers identified, classified, corrected mistakes the students made and how the teachers dealt with those mistakes that would reflect and correspond to their teaching situations in the so-called EFL classrooms. Specifically, the study explored EFL teaching at KamphaengphetRajabhat University, Kamphaengphet, Thailand. The nature of questions required only answers from a few informants. 6 semi-structured interviews with 6 EFL teachers were conducted in order to allow the researcher to acquire in-depth information. To the purposes of this study, 18 open-ended questions were employed. The nature of questions in the interview required only answers from a few informants selected by the process of purposing sampling. The interview protocol consisted of four general domains: the pedagogy, teaching materials, evaluation, and general points of view toward EFL teaching in Thailand. The questions for the interview were based on the research questions, “What are the problems found in class?” and “How do you deal with such problems?” The answers to research question 1 emerge into four themes for the interview which were a) low English proficiency score, b) narrow vocabulary, c) the low motivation, and d) inappropriate course syllabus. The answer to research question 2 can be seen in three salient themes for the interview; a) contributing classroom activities, b) review basic grammar all over again, and c) using sarcastic strategy to increase students’ motivation. The audio of the interview was recorded. The findings of the study revealed that English education required dedicated efforts from the teachers and learners. Since classroom atmosphere is never exactly the same as the natural setting, simulations are often created. As such, input is artificially created by the teachers with hope that learners can acquire the language taught naturally. Teachers played the roles of input providers, mistake correctors, and coaches simultaneously. Dealing with the participants’ challenges in classroom, each teacher employed individualized techniques using his/her knowledge and experiences. According to the context, what type of research are they applying? Quantitative Purposeful Qualitative .
Read the following context. Then answer question This case study investigated how local Thai teachers identified, classified, corrected mistakes the students made and how the teachers dealt with those mistakes that would reflect and correspond to their teaching situations in the so-called EFL classrooms. Specifically, the study explored EFL teaching at KamphaengphetRajabhat University, Kamphaengphet, Thailand. The nature of questions required only answers from a few informants. 6 semi-structured interviews with 6 EFL teachers were conducted in order to allow the researcher to acquire in-depth information. To the purposes of this study, 18 open-ended questions were employed. The nature of questions in the interview required only answers from a few informants selected by the process of purposing sampling. The interview protocol consisted of four general domains: the pedagogy, teaching materials, evaluation, and general points of view toward EFL teaching in Thailand. The questions for the interview were based on the research questions, “What are the problems found in class?” and “How do you deal with such problems?” The answers to research question 1 emerge into four themes for the interview which were a) low English proficiency score, b) narrow vocabulary, c) the low motivation, and d) inappropriate course syllabus. The answer to research question 2 can be seen in three salient themes for the interview; a) contributing classroom activities, b) review basic grammar all over again, and c) using sarcastic strategy to increase students’ motivation. The audio of the interview was recorded. The findings of the study revealed that English education required dedicated efforts from the teachers and learners. Since classroom atmosphere is never exactly the same as the natural setting, simulations are often created. As such, input is artificially created by the teachers with hope that learners can acquire the language taught naturally. Teachers played the roles of input providers, mistake correctors, and coaches simultaneously. Dealing with the participants’ challenges in classroom, each teacher employed individualized techniques using his/her knowledge and experiences. Which two aspects are considered in the research questions for the study? The mistakes that non-native English teachers make and their and their identity in the so-called EFL classroom. The challenges the participants face in the EFL classroom and how they deal with such challenges. The dedicated efforts from EFL teachers, learners and their role as input providers and coaches. .
Read the following context. Then answer question This case study investigated how local Thai teachers identified, classified, corrected mistakes the students made and how the teachers dealt with those mistakes that would reflect and correspond to their teaching situations in the so-called EFL classrooms. Specifically, the study explored EFL teaching at KamphaengphetRajabhat University, Kamphaengphet, Thailand. The nature of questions required only answers from a few informants. 6 semi-structured interviews with 6 EFL teachers were conducted in order to allow the researcher to acquire in-depth information. To the purposes of this study, 18 open-ended questions were employed. The nature of questions in the interview required only answers from a few informants selected by the process of purposing sampling. The interview protocol consisted of four general domains: the pedagogy, teaching materials, evaluation, and general points of view toward EFL teaching in Thailand. The questions for the interview were based on the research questions, “What are the problems found in class?” and “How do you deal with such problems?” The answers to research question 1 emerge into four themes for the interview which were a) low English proficiency score, b) narrow vocabulary, c) the low motivation, and d) inappropriate course syllabus. The answer to research question 2 can be seen in three salient themes for the interview; a) contributing classroom activities, b) review basic grammar all over again, and c) using sarcastic strategy to increase students’ motivation. The audio of the interview was recorded. The findings of the study revealed that English education required dedicated efforts from the teachers and learners. Since classroom atmosphere is never exactly the same as the natural setting, simulations are often created. As such, input is artificially created by the teachers with hope that learners can acquire the language taught naturally. Teachers played the roles of input providers, mistake correctors, and coaches simultaneously. Dealing with the participants’ challenges in classroom, each teacher employed individualized techniques using his/her knowledge and experiences. Why does this study uses in-depth interview to collect information? Because the study attempts to compare teachers' and students' scores in English tests. Because the study attempts to find out about EFL teachers' opinions on different domains. Because the study attempts to collect perceptions from all EFL students in an institution.
Read the following context. Then answer question This case study investigated how local Thai teachers identified, classified, corrected mistakes the students made and how the teachers dealt with those mistakes that would reflect and correspond to their teaching situations in the so-called EFL classrooms. Specifically, the study explored EFL teaching at KamphaengphetRajabhat University, Kamphaengphet, Thailand. The nature of questions required only answers from a few informants. 6 semi-structured interviews with 6 EFL teachers were conducted in order to allow the researcher to acquire in-depth information. To the purposes of this study, 18 open-ended questions were employed. The nature of questions in the interview required only answers from a few informants selected by the process of purposing sampling. The interview protocol consisted of four general domains: the pedagogy, teaching materials, evaluation, and general points of view toward EFL teaching in Thailand. The questions for the interview were based on the research questions, “What are the problems found in class?” and “How do you deal with such problems?” The answers to research question 1 emerge into four themes for the interview which were a) low English proficiency score, b) narrow vocabulary, c) the low motivation, and d) inappropriate course syllabus. The answer to research question 2 can be seen in three salient themes for the interview; a) contributing classroom activities, b) review basic grammar all over again, and c) using sarcastic strategy to increase students’ motivation. The audio of the interview was recorded. The findings of the study revealed that English education required dedicated efforts from the teachers and learners. Since classroom atmosphere is never exactly the same as the natural setting, simulations are often created. As such, input is artificially created by the teachers with hope that learners can acquire the language taught naturally. Teachers played the roles of input providers, mistake correctors, and coaches simultaneously. Dealing with the participants’ challenges in classroom, each teacher employed individualized techniques using his/her knowledge and experiences. Why the results of this study are difficult to generalize to other population? Because the sample selected is too small. Because studies on EFL pedagogy are difficult to generalize. Because results of quantitative studies cannot be generalized.
Read the following context. Then answer question This case study investigated how local Thai teachers identified, classified, corrected mistakes the students made and how the teachers dealt with those mistakes that would reflect and correspond to their teaching situations in the so-called EFL classrooms. Specifically, the study explored EFL teaching at KamphaengphetRajabhat University, Kamphaengphet, Thailand. The nature of questions required only answers from a few informants. 6 semi-structured interviews with 6 EFL teachers were conducted in order to allow the researcher to acquire in-depth information. To the purposes of this study, 18 open-ended questions were employed. The nature of questions in the interview required only answers from a few informants selected by the process of purposing sampling. The interview protocol consisted of four general domains: the pedagogy, teaching materials, evaluation, and general points of view toward EFL teaching in Thailand. The questions for the interview were based on the research questions, “What are the problems found in class?” and “How do you deal with such problems?” The answers to research question 1 emerge into four themes for the interview which were a) low English proficiency score, b) narrow vocabulary, c) the low motivation, and d) inappropriate course syllabus. The answer to research question 2 can be seen in three salient themes for the interview; a) contributing classroom activities, b) review basic grammar all over again, and c) using sarcastic strategy to increase students’ motivation. The audio of the interview was recorded. The findings of the study revealed that English education required dedicated efforts from the teachers and learners. Since classroom atmosphere is never exactly the same as the natural setting, simulations are often created. As such, input is artificially created by the teachers with hope that learners can acquire the language taught naturally. Teachers played the roles of input providers, mistake correctors, and coaches simultaneously. Dealing with the participants’ challenges in classroom, each teacher employed individualized techniques using his/her knowledge and experiences. What do you think it is the best way to organize the information collected from the project? Distribution of frequencies and percentages. Transcription and organization of the answers in tables, Use of descriptive and inferential statistics.
________________involves deciding on audiences, structuring the report in a format acceptable to these audiences, and then writing the report in a manner that is sensitive to all readers. Collecting data Analyzing and interpreting the data Reporting research.
Which of these statements is incorrect? Once you locate the literature, you need to determine if it is a good source to use and whether it is relevant to your particular research. The fact that a study has been published means that it is worthy of including in a literature review. Include both quantitative and qualitative research studies in your review, regardless of the approach you might use in your own study. .
ERIC is an example of a ___________that offers easy retrieval of journal articles and other documents related to education. handbook database encyclopedia.
Select the option that presents the best solution to overcome the learners´ lack of interest on the lessons since they found them irrelevant for their lives because they were out of the real context that they were experiencing. The stakeholder should organize a professional development training course to help teachers to strengthening their linguistic competence and to give them the opportunity to update their teaching strategies. Teachers should view the generic syllabus as a framework and supplement the course by designing concrete activities around authentic artifacts and texts that would engage students in meaningful literacy practices. Teachers should try.... .
Choose the strategy that best fits the example below. The teacher reads students the story of "Robin Hood" and works through several activities in order to students understand the vocabulary, grammar structures and content. After this, the teacher asks students to rewrite this story with their own words and improving the same one with other details they consider important and not taken into account in the original text. Repetition and innovation. Read, pair, share. Story reenactment. .
Choose the strategy that best fits the example below. After an exhausted reading class the teacher encourages students to read at home or in their free time whatever kind of text they like to do it, just for pleasure or curiosity in order they improve their reading skills. Guided reading Free voluntary reading Repeated reading .
Choose the strategy that best fits to the example below. Partners read together, stopping after each paragraph or appropriate section of text to answer the traditional questions who, what, where, when, and how, questions related to the text they have just read. Whenever the partners cannot answer a question, they return together to the selected text to find the answer. Read, pair, share Read aloud plus Repetition and innovation .
Choose the strategy that best fits the example below. The teacher reads students the story of "Robin Hood" and works through several activities in order to students understand the vocabulary, grammar structures and content. After this, the teacher asks students to rewrite (his story with their own words and improving the same one with other details they consider important and not taken into account in the original text. Repetition and innovation. Read, pair, share. Story reenactment .
If you were preparing to read a Historical piece of literature, which of the following would be the best question to ask before starting to read? When and where does the story take place? How much money does the main character have? What is the main characters relationship to the cult.
Storytelling has long been a form of literature and continuing cultural norms. Which of these is a modern form of storytelling, using today's technology? Cellular phones Pen and Paper Facebook .
Literature is an important part of any Educational System because: It's often funny or entertaining for people in general It conveys the beliefs, behaviors and ideas of a cultural group It often shows the errors of a cultural group .
It is often said that "A picture is worth a thousand words". In what way can a painting or photo be considered literature? They can show the style of clothes or architecture of the time They can show specific details of a given moment They can express emotion, culture and behavior all at the same time. .
Behaviorism Theory proposed by Skinner explains learning in terms of Competence, performance, and grammar structure, Imitation, practice, reinforcement and habit formation Comprehensible input, affect, cognitive resources and linguistic features.
The pedagogical practices such as varying activities, tasks and materials as well as using cooperation rather than competition are examples of: Motivation in the class Learning styles Rate of learning.
Which of the following examples correspond to second language acquisition? A French person studies German for six years because the school system requires it. In India, native speakers of Tamil learn English to participate in official Indian governmental proceedings. A Chinese family immigrates to Canada and studies English as so as to enter the school systems and the work forced.
When answering the question "what are you doing? A child responds, "I'm dancing", pronouncing the final syllable of dancing "ing". The child then elaborates, "l´m dancing with my doll" and pronounces the final syllable of dancing "in" Which of the following contexts does the example illustrate? Linguistic context Psychological context Microsocial context.
The interaction between students and teachers often depends on the type of learning environment and the teaching activities applied in the class. Which type of classroom promotes activities focused on meaningful communication, for example, practice question forms by asking learners to find out personal information about their classmates? A classroom with a communicative approach A classroom with structure-based approach Both type of classrooms.
Which of the following activities are focused on language classrooms on the background of behaviorism? Mimicry and Memorization Memorization and Grammar structures Writing activities and Grammar structures .
According the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis (CAH), which of the following aspects cause learners' errors in the use of the target language? Student's did not practice the correct forms enough' make them a habit Students transferred knowledge their first language to their new language. Students did not pay close enough attention to the languages structures they were taught. .
A practical test _______ is designed considering costs, the amount of time it takes to construct and to administer, ease of scoring, and ease of interpreting/reporting results. relies as much as possible on empirical evidence and offers useful, meaningful information about a test-taker's ability, does not measure irrelevant or contaminating variables, it also involves performance that samples the test's criterion.
For a test to be reliable, _______ is supported by a theoretical rationale or argument and it positively influences what and how teachers teach. it has to be consistent in its conditions across two or more administrators. A reliable test has to contain items or tasks that are unambiguous to the test takers. offers learners a chance to adequately prepare, it is more formative in nature than summative. .
If a test measures what it proposes to measure and offers meaningful information about a student-s ability, so this test is: Authentic Reliable Valid.
Evaluation at the district and classroom level is an accountability measure that is generally used as part of grading process. Some examples liker State assessments, District benchmark or interim evaluations, Scores that are used for accountability of schools and students (report and grades), your Cl (Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE) certificate) ... are on the list of: Formative assessments Summative assessments Integrative approaches.
Assessment that includes observations, discussions, graphic organizers, practice presentations and other activities that provide information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are ill happening, are part of .... Formative assessment Summative assessment Comprehensive assessment.
Authenticity in a test ______ ensures that the task is likely to be enacted in the real world. helps administrators not to exceed available material resources and utilizes available human resources. provides clear directions for the administration and conditions for peak performance by the learner.
Which of the following is the term used to describe when some features of learner language stop changing over time? Grammar Translation Linguistic freezing Fossilization.
Which of the following is true about universal grammar? It is considered as innatist linguistic knowledge and argues that some grammar rules are hard-wired into the brain. It is an explanation of knowledge and learning that is based on the assumption that all learning is first social then individual. It is an approach that emphasizes how the human mind receives, process, stores and retrieves information in learning and retrieving information.
Applied Linguistics is known as “language-related problem solving approach”. Choose the option that does NOT fit the category of language–related problems. Scientific description and classifications of world languages Use and analysis of language variations, dialects, registers, and language codes Translation, interpretations, language usage in general, literary genres and styles, machine translation.
A conversation among learners in which they work together to solve a problem, as for example, in reconstructing a story they have heard, is called? Collaborative dialogue Communicative competence Connectionism .
Clarification requests, Elicitation and Repetition are some techniques that teachers use as ______. Instructional approach Corrective feedback Observation schemes .
“It is a system that contains patterns of prosody, paralinguistic, and sound symbolism. It is a mental phenomenon. Lexicon and grammar constitute its main elements”. This description corresponds to _______________. communication language utterance.
Language behavior analyzed and described by Psycholinguistics, involves activities that deal with_________. speaking, listening, writing, language production, and gestures language functions and their manifestations in communication variety or manner of speaking of language.
“I am ain´t ready for dis situation”. This example corresponds to _____________________. Standard Language Non –Standard Language Code Switching.
Which of the writing issues suggests a model to be followed as for example to beginners because it helps to produce appropriate texts. Building the writing habit. Genre Writing process.
What are the characteristics of rapport? Showing a sense of humor; availability before, after, or outside of class; encouraging class discussion; showing interest in them, knowing students' names; sharing personal insights and experiences with the class; relating course material in everyday terms and examples. Spending time in front of the class, copying information on the boards, deciding how to treat students, assuming different roles, giving instructions, assessing students’ progress. Varying the pitch and tone of voice, using lots of TTT, correcting students’ tasks, assigning group work activities, using different seating arrangements.
What is the focus of the following activity?Answer the following questions according to what you have previously read: What issue is the writer focusing on? Does the writer seem to assume readers will agree with his/her position? What evidence does the writer use to support the essay’s thesis/central argument? Does the writer include enough evidence? Do you agree with the points the writer makes? Why/why not? What connections can you make between this article and others you have read? Literal comprehension of the text Drawing inferences from the text Responding critically to the text.
What is the focus of the following activity? The teacher asks students to recall a list of items, actions, or events explicitly stated in the text or the sequence of several actions or events explicitly stated in the text they have already read. Literal comprehension of the text Drawing inferences from the text Responding critically to the text.
Which of the following techniques can be used when students have problems at the moment of understanding high frequency vocabulary in a text? Ignore the word Make a glossary before the learners read the text Replace the word in the text with a low frequency word.
Why are the opportunities for language learning called strands? Because they_________. can be seen as long continuous sets of learning conditions that run throughout the whole course are designed to entangle and confuse the student into learning are separated from the main aim of learning a language.
Learning from meaning- focused input is fragile because__________. learning needs to use communication strategies or previous input to make up for gaps in learners´ productive knowledge learning is dependent on the quality of reading and listening skills, and it is affected by background knowledge learners are attempting.
What is the purpose of the following activity? The teacher writes some sentences on the board. The sentences describe something or someone. The teacher shows the learners how to change the sentences to talk about different things. Helping students describe things or places or people. Helping students to make surveys. Helping students to develop the cognitive skills.
How does the teacher respond to student errors in a Content Based Instruction approach? The teacher corrects students’ errors by giving them the correct form or allowing them to self-correct. Errors of form are tolerated during fluency-based activities and are seen as a natural outcome. The teacher interrupts the student to correct the errors by asking them to repeat the right word or pattern.
The process of measuring and judging the extent to which the planned courses, programs, learning activities and opportunities as expressed in the formal curriculum actually produce the expected results at a national, local or institutional level is called______________. curriculum coherence curriculum evaluation curriculum alignment.
Which of the following statements is true regarding curriculum? Curriculum is a formal document which outlines the aims, the selection and grading of contents, teaching materials, tasks and activities, etc. to be taught in a specific course, unit of study or teaching subject. Curriculum comprises teachers and students believes in terms of their experience and personal view of language, teaching, learning, selection of content as well as the influence of social and political context on learning outcomes. Curriculum is a general plan which comprises educational foundations and guidelines of what, why and how students should learn. In other words,it contains, the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes expected to be learned by students.
Which of the following sequence must be used for teaching the following grammatical items: simple past, imperatives, simple present, verb –to –stem in an English course. Verb + to + stem, simple present, negative imperative, imperative, simple past, and past participle. Imperative, don´t + stem, simple present, verb + to + stem, simple past, and past participle. Simple present, simple past, imperative, verb + to+ stem, don´t + stem, past participle.
Select the questions that you will use if you are focusing on needs about genres and discourse types as well as sociolinguistic skills. What will the language be used to do? / What language uses is the learner already familiar with? Are the learners happy with the course? / What content matter will the learner be working with? What activities will I get the learners to do today? / Should learners be doing homework?.
One of the principles of language teaching, in curriculum design, refers to language system. This principle is applied when the teacher __________. designs activities where the learners work cooperatively to learn the content of the language focuses attention on predominantly regular features of the language in order for learners to be able to use the language creatively checks the sequence of items to see that strongly related items are not presented together to avoid learners’ confusion.
Select the option that encloses the main variables involved in language learning which must be primarily taken into account in the process of EFL curriculum development and syllabus design: the learning outcomes, the social and contextual constrains the environment analysis, the learners’ needs, and the four language skills. the teacher, the learners, and the role of instructional materials.
In curriculum design, there are many topics that are addressed in a number of different places within the program requirements while other topics are addressed by specific courses. In order to integrate those topics at a meso and microcurricular level, curriculum designers use ______________ as a paradigm for formalizing the integration across the curriculum. academic threads Learning outcomes environment analysis.
The smallest unit of phonology is called: utterance syllable phoneme.
The branch of Linguistics that studies physical properties of speech sounds, their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status, is called______. Phonetics Phonology Acoustic Phonetics.
The supra-segmental aspects of speech are represented by: consonants and vowels stress, length, pitch, tone single vowels, voiced and voiceless consonants.
Voiced phonemes are in the words: splash_, cough_, fan_ t_oy, leak_, sp_ray n_ice, r_ed, b_one.
Words containing simple vowels are mo_st, ga_ze, i_dea, bro_ke, poo_la ma_le, smi_le, go_, mou_se, u_nique cou_ple, lo_st, lea_ther, au_thor, pea_sant.
Apply syntactic analysis on the sentence Meg told Jane that her father was sick. The complementizer THAT introduces additional information to the sentence. The complementizer THAT cannot be delated because the meaning of the sentence could change. The complementizer THAT can easily be omitted without changing the meaning of the sentence.
When we talk about Denominal adjectives, we refer to the one whose main characteristic is the ____________. variation of nouns to become adjectives. place this adjective takes within a clause. meaning it provides to the clause.
When talking about modifiers, we have that _________ are optional in a structure since they only add further information to it. adjuncts complements arguments.
Subcategorization refers to the complement configuration of verbs, nouns and adjectives in English; for example, some verbs might take a noun phrase as direct object complement, while other verbs might take two complement or no complement. Then, the clause Alexa sent your sister an email has the following complement configuration __________________. SEND: V+VP+ NP SEND: V+NP+AdvP SEND: V+NP+NP.
Internal Syntax deals with _________________. the meaning of a phrase. the construction and form of phrases. functions that phrases perform in a clause.
Which strategy does the following example refer to? Students are given materials to fold an origami flower. Each student has one section of the directions. Using the sequence words as a guide, the students take turns reading the directions silently and then conveying them orally so the members of the group can complete the folding task. Syntax surgery strategy Communication games strategy Learning centers.
Analyze the following teaching situation and choose the strategy applied. After an exhausted reading class, the teacher encourages students to read at home or in their free time whatever kind of text they like, just for pleasure or curiosity in order for them to improve their reading skills. Guided reading Free voluntary reading Repeated reading.
When a group task is structured so that each member of the group is expected to perform an assigned task, it means there has been applied the ____________strategy. collaborative reading cooperative learning small groups and partners.
Read the following scenario and decide which strategy is involved. Mr. Parsons has decided to set up eight centers, each allowing the children to interact in a way unique to one of the intelligences. Those centers are: listening center; music center, games center; audio recorder center, story reenactment center, pattern center, art center, nature center. The teacher encourages the children to use the center for the entire week. They must keep track of the centers they visit and rate their enjoyment and the work they do in each using a self-evaluation rubric. Multiple intelligences Learning centers Small groups and partners.
In order to allow children to interact in a way unique to one of the intelligences, Ms. Barry has set up centers. Read the following centers and decide which multiple intelligence they belong to: Game center: where the children play traditional games. Story reenactment center: where the children work in groups Kinesthetic intelligence / interpersonal intelligence Linguistic intelligence / visual intelligence Musical intelligence / logical intelligence.
The goals of the strategies are to _____. enhance learning motivate teachers practice just speaking.
_____________ means that educators undertake research to contribute to existing information about issues. adding to knowledge qualitative research a quantitative study.
Which of these skills is not necessary to design and conduct research? Solving puzzles Speaking a second language Lengthening your attention span.
Which of these statements is incorrect? Research objectives are widely used in educational research today Researchers often subdivide objectives into major and minor objectives. Research questions are questions in quantitative or qualitative research that narrow the purpose statement to specific questions that researchers seek to answer.
In assessing grammar and vocabulary, the deletions in exercises are made to test one or more areas of grammatical knowledge, such as vocabulary and grammatical ability. The test-taker must choose the appropriate response for the deletion based on the context in which the language is presented. This definition best describes: Information gap tasks Dialogue-completion tasks Gap-filling tasks.
Analyze the example below and decide which category of listening performance it belongs to. In a video segment, students were assigned the homework task of transcribing word for word short segments of the text and pay close attention to the words and how they were linked together. While in class they focus on what was said, the ____________listening activity at home aims to focus their attention on how it was said. The goal is to engage them in bottom up listening work. extensive selective intensive.
The following example refers to__________ type of test In a foreign language course where the student´s success is measured by similar process of mimicry, memorization, puzzle-solving, demonstrating skills and abilities being used in real situations. proficiency diagnostic aptitude.
Read the following information and then choose the letter of the correct example. Informal assessment can take a number of forms. These forms can be; for example, ________ Diagnose aspects of a language that a student needs to develop or that a course should include A proficiency test that tests global competence in a language and that is not limited to any one course, curriculum, or single skill in the language; rather, it tests overall ability is a form of informal assessment. Tell your students expressions like “Good work”; “Did you say can or can’t?”; “I think you meant to say you broke the glass, not break the glass.
While assessing grammar, tasks such as multiple-choice tasks, discrimination tasks, noticing tasks or consciousness-raising tasks belongto the group of _______________. limited production extended production selected response.
Among other characteristics, a test is considered to be valid when it ___________, Measures exactly what it proposes to measure; it means that the test does not measure irrelevant or contaminating variables. It also offers useful and meaningful information about a test-taker’s ability Contains language that is as natural as possible; has items that are contextualized rather than isolated. A valid test also offers tasks that replicate real-world tasks Positively influences what and how teachers teach and learners learn. It also offers learners a chance to adequately prepare for the test.
Read the example and decide the type of assessment it refers to The teacher provides students with an open-ended question related to a concept they are studying and asks the students to identify the information or details necessary for a response to demonstrate full understanding of the concept. A list of these details is recorded on the board. The teacher then provides students with examples of several student responses that were given by students in previous years. The students are asked to analyze the responses and to determine if the responses show full understanding, partial understanding, or no understanding of the concept. Students must justify their answers. As this thinking is shared, the list of details or supports necessary for a response to the question is further refined until a set of criteria emerges that students can use to self-assess and peer-assess their responses to the question. Summative assessment Informal assessment Formative assessment.
Accent and dialect are aspects of language variety. Accent is defined as a pattern of pronunciation; while a dialect involves particular choices of words that differ from the standard language. Which of these statement illustrates a form of accent? Speakers of English from different regions or social groups will produce vowel sounds and full sentences with a different intonation. Speakers of English will combine words in different ways depending on the region or social group they come from. Each English speaker has a particular form of speaking according to his/her background.
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