Inglés 5

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Inglés 5

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Statistics show that rapid population, growth creates problems for developing countries. So why don´t people have fewer children ? statistics from the developed countries suggest that it is only then people´s living standards begin to risk that birth rates begin to fall. There are good reasons for this. Poor countries cannot afford social services and old age pensions, and people´s income are so low they have nothing to spare for saving. As a result, people, look to their children to provide them with security in their old age. Living in a large family can be a form of insurance. And even while they are still quite young. Children can do a lot of lawful jobs on a small farm, so poor people in a developing country will need to have better conditions ahead, before they think having smaller families, but their conditions cannot be improved unless there is a reduction in the rates at which population is increasing. This depend on a very such wider acceptance of family planning and this, will mean a basic change in attitude. 1. The expression “look to” underlined in line 5, can be substituded by A) Take care of. B) Search for. C) Consider. D) Expect.
2. According to the text, large families in undeveloped countries are convenient because A) Young children help do minor tasks. B) Young children can mostly work in agriculture. C) Many children are expected to feed their families. D) Many children provide the adults with the insurance polices.
3. Which of the following titles is the most adecuate for the text? A) “Social security and old age pensions” B) “High Growth rates in developed Countries” C) “Job opportunities in undeveloped Countries” D) “The Dependence of Birth rate on Living Standards”.
People have always found ways to destroy themselves. They went from stones and sticks arrows. Then came guns—much more powerful. Finally, people made atomic bombs. These are a danger to us and to the earth. In some places, people have damaged land by too much farming or too much grazing. Without grass or trees, rain may wash away the soil. Sometimes soil is blown away by strong winds. But people have found another way to harm themselves arid the earth. It doesn’t blow up. There is no loud noise. In fact, people don’t even know it happens. It is done by chance, but it´s here. It is pollution: the poisoning of the water, hand and air. The poisons are chemicals, garbage, and wastes of all kinds. Air is dirtied by smoke and by the gases from automobiles and airplanes. Soil may be harmed by chemicals. Rivers and lakes are polluted. So are the oceans where cities are on the chores. Wastes have even been found floating in parts of the middle of the oceans. There they kill the small plants and animals that fish need for food. Think about the last time you went swimming in a river or a lake. Did the water really look clear and pure? Dr was it dirty and unpleasant to swim in? What do you see when you look out your window in the morning or early evening? Is there a line of haze*? Can you see the hills, mountains, or buildings clearly?. Is anyone doing anything to clean up the air? How many ugly junkyards** are there in your neighborhood? Why are they there? 4. Which of the following kinds of pollution is not mentioned in the text? A) Air pollution. B) Land pollution. C) Water pollution. D) Noise pollution.
5. What is the theme of the article? A) Mankind is endangering the place where it lives. B) People cannot swim in rivers and lakes anymore. C) Junk is an important source of air pollution. D) Man has invented different kinds of weapons.
6. According to the text, people pollute A) willingly. B) unconsciously. C) to hurt themselves. D) to modernize cities.
7. We _____________ about silly things till midnight. A) chatted B) wasted C) alleged D) exchanged.
8. Be careful! You ____________ the vase. A) endure B) waste C) ease D) drop.
9. The baby was __________ up blocks to form a tower. A) spreading B) breeding C) arousing D) pilling.
10. Anne is __________________ her health by drinking so much. A) risking B) enduring C) surpassing D) attempting.
11. The police _________ Jeff’s car to the police station. It was parked in a restricted area. A) hauled B) dwelled C) dropped D) stored.
12. Jim and I have traveled ______ the world together A) amid B) among C) for all D) throughout.
13. our children are not ___________ they are restless. A) quiet B) quite C) ingenious D) ingenuous.
14. The family _________ is a decisive influence en the formation of children. A) environment B) achievement C) measurement D) development.
15. Helen expected to receive an enormous stone in her engagement ring, but she only received a ________ pearl. A) mayor B) tiny C) mild D) huge.
16. The plane __________ two hours late. A) overtime B) overseas C) took off D) drove off.
17. They never agreed ______________ the specific details A) on B) at C) by D) for.
18. Come back _________ away ! I need the medicine urgently. A) fly B) run C) move D) right.
19. My brother is doing __________ his work. A) ugly B) plans C) better D) mistake.
20. Ceci could not prepare the salad because she ___________ out of vegetables. A) was B) got C) went D) grew.
21. Tom is always enthusiastic ______________ sports. A) about B) with C) from D) of.
22. Mrs. Smith is very ___________ of sophisticated words. A) fond B) cut out C) annoyed D) in charge.
23. Mark will make you ___________ for what you did to his sister. A) paying B) to pay C) paid D) pay.
24. If you ____________________ better, you ___________ have some fruit. A) would feel / could B) will feel / could C) feel / could D) feel / can.
25. The Smiths moved to a a very pleasant neighbor __________ A) dom B) ment C) ship D) hood.
26. I could clearly smell something __________ in the kitchen. A) burn B) burns C) burnt D) burning.
27. She could have __________ the contest if she __________ worked more. A) won / has B) won / had C) to win / has D) to win / had.
28. __________________ finished my work, I took my vacation. A) had B) have C) having D) to have.
29. Sally´s time of departure is still _________ determined. A) in B) dis C) un D) mis.
30. I watched the cat ____________ in the rain A) running. B) to run C) runs. D) ran.
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