According to some scholars, which is the cause of innovation? the adaptation of the needs of students. the instutionalisation of accepted improvements. the demand of change.
Apart from a personal statement and a self- assesment section, which is the third main section of the EPOSTL? the user´s guide. the glossary of technical terms. a dossier.
Fill in the gaps: "EPOSTL, rather than focusing on language abilities, helps teachers and future teachers to reflect on the ... that are necessary to teach languages and to ... their own didactic competences". skills/ asses resources/ improve contents/ share.
Fill in the gap: "The ... movement is rooted in competition between students, teachers, schools, districts and now between countries". new education innovative standards.
Fill in the gap:" ... is a structured inventory that enables teachers to describe their recollections of the main features of a lesson". video recording teaching journal lesson reports.
Fill in the gap:" ... is a way to study and idea or concept that holds a meaning shared by a small group of individuals. The approach focuses on lived experiences of a particular topic, such as happiness, and guides researchers to distill individual experiences to an essential concept". case study grounded theory approach phenomenology.
Fill in the gap: "... reflectivity implies the questioning of moral and ethical issues in the educational context". Self- contextual dialectical.
Following Brighouse´s model, which element is missing in order that change is feasible: vision, skills, resources and action plan? incentives funding competences.
In Aerthon´s model of reflection, which is the final stage? unconscious competence relative mastery concious competence.
In qualitative methods of research, which is the usual approach? deductive objective inductive.
In Spain, any FLA can be responsible for a group of students, mark exercises and discipline students. True False.
In the process of innovation, which step is commonly linked to an individual or restricted context? innovation improvement change.
The organisation of a research paper is important. Where must the section "discussion" be presented? after explaining the methodology and before the conclusions. before the conclusions and after the results. after the conclusions and before the references.
To which kind of method does ethnographic analyses belong? quatitative qualitative.
When does reflection on action take place? during and after the teaching and learning session. after the teaching and learning session. during the teaching and learning session.
Which acronym stands for the school project that describes all the actions to be taken to teach languages in every educational cycle? PLC CLIL EPOSTL.
Which international institution promoted the EPOSTL? the Council of Europe UNESCO the UN.
Which is the most basic level of reflection? technical dialectical contextual.
Which is the most common citation style in education research? APA MLA AMA.
Which is the term that defines the duality of objectives and procedures that a teacher has to teach and follows as a result of introducing external exams or tests in the ordinary course of the academic year? a double curriculum external curriculum standard curriculum.