Maze studies involve using a free-operant procedure. T F.
Discrete-trial procedures allow the animal to repeat, without restrictions, the instrumental response in several occasions within the same trial. T F.
An operant response, such as lever pressing, is defined in terms of the effect that it has on the environment T F.
When a boy is deprived of his favourite dessert every time he misbehaves, an omission training procedure is being used. T F.
The marking procedure facilitates instrumental conditioning when the reinforcer is provided with a temporal delay after the response T F.
A positive response-reinforcer contingency means that the reinforcer is more likely to occur in the presence than in the absence of the response T F.
In a learned helplessness situation, there is a zero response-reinforcer contingency T F.
Checking your email to see if any new messages have arrived is reinforced under a variable ratio schedule T F.
Partial schedules of reinforcement always induce steady and stable rates of instrumental responses. T F.
Instrumental extinction involves a decrease in responding due to absence of any consequence after the response T F.
A big magnitude of the reinforcer during instrumental training facilitates a later extinction of the response. T F.
Amsel’s frutration theory offers an account of the partial reinforcement extinction effect. T F.
In a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement, the learner will allways receive the reinforcer after a fixed period of time, regardless of the response made T F.
Fixed intermittent schedules, at variance with variable schedules, induce stable response rates. T F.
According to Premack’s principle, a highly likely response will increase the probability with which a low probability response is made. T F.
The results from Pavlovian-Instrumental-Transfer experiments generally favour the predictions derived from two-process theory of instrumental conditioning. T F.
Exposure-based therapies for obsessive-compulsive-disorder facilitate that the patient performs the ritual while exposing to the stimulus that generates the compulsion T F.
According to the safety-signal hypothesis, safety signals accompanying avoidance responses provide positive reinforcement of these avoidance responses T F.
A delay between the response to be punished and the aversive stimulation favours an effective punishment T F.
The punishment of a response would be hardly useful if this response signals the availability of positive reinforcement. T F.
The effectiveness of punishment increases if reinforcers are provided to alternative, incompatible responses to that that is meant to be punished T F.
The contingent presentation of aversive stimulation increases the effectiveness of punishment. T F.
The dependence stage in addiction is characterized by the loss of intentional regulation of the addictive response.
In addiction to substances, the exposure to CSs associated to the substance intake may elicit compensantory CRs to that substance. T F.
One of the reasons why support groups (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymus) have a positive influence in the treatment of addictive behaviour is because those groups provide positive reinforcement of the abstinence behaviour T F.