Psicología del aprendizaje T4

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Psicología del aprendizaje T4

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Maze studies involve using a free-operant procedure. T F.
Discrete-trial procedures allow the animal to repeat, without restrictions, the instrumental response in several occasions within the same trial. T F.
An operant response, such as lever pressing, is defined in terms of the effect that it has on the environment T F.
When a boy is deprived of his favourite dessert every time he misbehaves, an omission training procedure is being used. T F.
The marking procedure facilitates instrumental conditioning when the reinforcer is provided with a temporal delay after the response T F.
A positive response-reinforcer contingency means that the reinforcer is more likely to occur in the presence than in the absence of the response T F.
In a learned helplessness situation, there is a zero response-reinforcer contingency T F.
Checking your email to see if any new messages have arrived is reinforced under a variable ratio schedule T F.
Partial schedules of reinforcement always induce steady and stable rates of instrumental responses. T F.
Instrumental extinction involves a decrease in responding due to absence of any consequence after the response T F.
A big magnitude of the reinforcer during instrumental training facilitates a later extinction of the response. T F.
Amsel’s frutration theory offers an account of the partial reinforcement extinction effect. T F.
In a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement, the learner will allways receive the reinforcer after a fixed period of time, regardless of the response made T F.
Fixed intermittent schedules, at variance with variable schedules, induce stable response rates. T F.
According to Premack’s principle, a highly likely response will increase the probability with which a low probability response is made. T F.
The results from Pavlovian-Instrumental-Transfer experiments generally favour the predictions derived from two-process theory of instrumental conditioning. T F.
Exposure-based therapies for obsessive-compulsive-disorder facilitate that the patient performs the ritual while exposing to the stimulus that generates the compulsion T F.
According to the safety-signal hypothesis, safety signals accompanying avoidance responses provide positive reinforcement of these avoidance responses T F.
A delay between the response to be punished and the aversive stimulation favours an effective punishment T F.
The punishment of a response would be hardly useful if this response signals the availability of positive reinforcement. T F.
The effectiveness of punishment increases if reinforcers are provided to alternative, incompatible responses to that that is meant to be punished T F.
The contingent presentation of aversive stimulation increases the effectiveness of punishment. T F.
The dependence stage in addiction is characterized by the loss of intentional regulation of the addictive response. T F.
In addiction to substances, the exposure to CSs associated to the substance intake may elicit compensantory CRs to that substance. T F.
One of the reasons why support groups (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymus) have a positive influence in the treatment of addictive behaviour is because those groups provide positive reinforcement of the abstinence behaviour T F.
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