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UNIT 02 - 1º ESO - Bilingüe


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The Earth's structure is composed by several layers, every one of them is made of different materials. The Earth has three main layers: the crust, the mantle and the tectonic layer. True False.
Semi-solid rock below the Earth's surface is called... Magma Core Crus Fault.
The core is the deepest layer. It represents more than 60% of the Earth's mass and it has two parts. True False.
It's the outer layer of the Earth. It's the thinnies layer and represents only 1% of the Earth's mass. This layer is called... Mantle Core Crust Tectonic Plate.
The mantle is mostly magma and its average temprerature is around 3.000 ºC. True False.
We often refer to the crust and upper mantle of the Earth as the... Stratosphere Lithosphere Atmosphere Biosphere.
The lithosphere is a continuous layer that covers the whole plantet. True False.
Tectonic plates slowly move around on the semi-solid upper... Bounderies Currents Mantle Core.
Faults are produced by a... Divergent plate boundary Transform plate boundary Covergent plate boundary Subduction plate boundary.
Mid-oceanic ridges are produced by a... Divergent plate boundary Transform plate boundary Covergent plate boundary Subduction plate boundary.
Subduction is produced by a... Divergent plate boundary Transform plate boundary Convergent plate boundary Ridges plate boundary.
In their movement, tectonic plates interact with each other at the... Plate boundaries Mid-oceanic ridges Faults Subduction.
Slow movement of the continents on the mantle is called... Plate boundaries Continental drift Faults Convection currents.
The movement of the tectonic plates causes... Magma Orogenic forces Shaping relief Gravity forces.
Orogenic forces produce the Earth's shaping relief and cause the formation of landforms such as mountain ranges. True False.
Water, wind, temperature, plants, animals and humans are all examples of ... that shape relief. Orogenic Forces External Forces Volcano Forces Inner core Forces.
The water shaping relief effect that creates landforms such as caves and sinkholes is called... Fluvial relief Aeolian relief Oceanic relief Karst relief.
Changes in temperatures can cause rock to fracture because it contracts with the heat and expands with the cold. True False.
A large, flat elevated area of land is called... Plain Depression Plateau Marsh.
Mountain range is a line of high mountains. True False.
A low area of land between two points of higher ground, such as between two mountains is called... Valley Hill Depression Plain.
Depression is a large area of high land. True False.
Mountains naturally formed sharp elevation of Earth's surface with steep... sinkholes slopes hotspots dunes.
A large, flat area of land is called... Plateau Valley Hill Plain.
A naturally formed elevation of Earth's surface with less steep slopes, lower than a mountain is called... Mountain range Mountain Hill Valley.
Oceanic relief is the landforms that are under the sea or ocean. True False.
An area of land that sticks out into the sea with a thin strip of land connecting it to the mainland is called... Cape Marsh Peninsula Estuary.
The part that links a penninsula with the continental land is called... Cape Isthmus Cove Hill.
An area where the see cuts into the coastline is called... Bay Marsh Delta Cape.
A gulf is a large... Island Penninsula Bay Delta.
An archipelago is a group of... Islands Mountains Rivers Hills.
A small bay is called... Delta Estuary Cove Gulf.
A low-lying area of land that's often flooded by the sea is called... Marsh Delta Island Bay.
A delta is an area at the origin of a river, where the river deposits a large amount of sediment. True False.
An area at the mouth of a large river, where fresh water and salt water mix is called... Bay Delta Estuary Marsh.
An island is a land completely surrounded by... lava mountains sea valleys.
An area of land, usually a high point, that extends into a body of water is called... Cape Peninsula Bay Plain.
Tsunamis are huge waves created by... under-ocean earthquakes volcanos tornados cyclones.
When an earthquake happens, how is the point of its origin called? Tsunami Hypocentre Epicentre Crater.
The point on the Earth's surface thats directly above the hypocentre is called... Epicentre Cone Crater Chamber.
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