|Scrum is based on: Predictive process Defined process Hard process Empirical process.
What is the maximum amount of time for Daily Scrum Meeting? Fifteen minutes Fifteen minutes, plus 10 minutes (if needed) One hour Fifteen minutes for 15 days sprint As long as it takes.
Given of the following topics, which should be discussed during the Sprint Review meeting? The definition of done Testing practices Why Product Owner did not have time to work together with development team Sprint results.
What is the time-box for the Sprint Retrospective of a Sprint with one month of duration? As long as it takes 1 hour for a 15 days sprint 4 hours 3 hours for a 30 days sprint.
Who must conform to the definition of done? The Product Owner The Development Team The Scrum Team The QA department.
A senior manager come to you asking about what is true about Product Owner (PO). He gives to
you following statements.
Which one is INCORRECT? The Product Owner plays a dual role: Product Owner and Scrum Master The Product Owner is one person, not a committee The Product Owner prioritizes the Product Backlog The Product Owner is the sole person responsible for managing the Product Backlog.
At the end of Sprint, the Product Owner might shipping or deployment the product increment in order
users can use it.
When should Product Owner do it? At the end of every Sprint When the scrum team feels comfortable about software quality When the development team deliver a product increment that is "done" When it makes sense At the end of each three Sprints or each two months (whichever is earlier).
In some moment, the Scrum Team membership might change.
When should it occur? Every sprint, to promove job rotation As needed, but considering short term reduction in productivity Never, because it reduces collaboration, productivity, and harmony Whenever Scrum Master decide.
Near the end of Sprint Planning, the Development Team realize that the workload is getting higher
than their productive capacity.
Which two actions make the most sense to do? - Start the Sprint and add more Development Team members. It is important achieve the commitments.
- Scrum Master should ask the Development Team to work overtime for this Sprint - Cancel the Sprint. Start new sprint immediately.
- Remove or change selected Product Backlog items - Remove or change selected Product Backlog items
- Start the sprint and monitoring progress. Keep the product owner aware about the situation.
There should be only one Product Backlog for the same product, even if there are multiples Scrum Teams working on it. True False.
Given the following options, which one shows the key Scrum roles? Product Owner and Scrum Master. The software development can be outsourced. Development team, Product Owner, and Scrum Master Development team, Product Owner, Scrum Master and customers. Development Team. It is possible development a software without Product Owner and Scrum Master. But it is impossible do it without a Development Team.
What is the main Scrum Master role? Scrum events facilitator Technical leader Servant leader Stakeholder.
When does the Sprint end? When all Sprint Backlog items achieve their definition of "Done" When all the tasks are done When the Product Owner decides When the time-box expires When it makes sense.
If burndown charts are used to visualize progress, what do they track? Work remaining across time Accumulated cost Individual worker productivity Accumulated business value delivered to the customer.
The Sprint Goal is a result of the Sprint Planning, as is the Sprint Backlog. True False.
When a Development Team determines that it will not be able to finish the complete forecast, who has to be present when reviewing and adjusting the Sprint work selected? The Product Owner and the Development Team The Development Team The Scrum Master, project manager and Development Team The Product Owner and all stakeholders.
When should the Sprint Retrospective be held? At the end of the last Sprint in a project or release At the beginning of each Sprint Only when the Scrum Team determines it needs one At the end of each Sprint.
Assuming a 2-week Sprint, what is the time-box for the Sprint Review? 2 hours at the end of every Sprint 15 minutes However long is needed 4 hours.
Which statement best describes the Sprint Review? It is used to build team spirit It is a time allocated to judge the validity of the project It gives stakeholders an opportunity to inspect the product increments and progress to date, and to provide feedback It is a review of the team´s activities during the Sprint.
Who is ultimate responsible for the Product Backlog item estimates? The Scrum Master The Product Owner The stakeholders The Development Team.
What is a Development Team responsible for? Resolving internal team conflicts
Organizing the work required to meet the Sprint Goal Selecting the Product Owner
What is a Development Team responsible for? Organizing the work required to meet the Sprint Goal
Reporting productivity Reporting productivity
Selecting the Product Owner.
The Scrum Master observes the Product Owner struggling with ordering the Product Backlog. What would you consider an appropriate action for the Scrum Master to take? Present the Product Owner with an ordered Product Backlog to use Offer the Product Owner help in understanding that the goal of ordering the Product Backlog is to maximize value. Suggest that the Development Team does the ordering to be sure that it is a feasible ordering of work Suggest the Product Owner extend the Sprint, so he can have more time to order the Product Backlog Encourage the Product Owner to work with the Development Team to see which items technically are fastest to implement.
Who must do all the work to make sure Product Backlog items conform to the definition of “done?” The Scrum Master The Development Team The Product Owner The Scrum Team.
When is it most appropriate for a Development Team to change the definition of “Done”? Prior to starting a new Sprint Prior to starting a new project During Sprint Planning During the Sprint Retrospective.
What´s the Scrum Team definition of "done"? Whatever the Scrum Master wants it to be Whatever the Product Owner wants it to be Whatever the stakeholders want it to be Whatever the Scrum Team defines "Done" to be.
A Scrum Team is only allowed to meet with stakeholders during the Sprint Review. True False.
A Sprint can be canceled by whom? The Scrum Master The Sprint team The management The Product Owner.
For a one month Sprint, how much time should be dedicated for the Sprint Planning activity? 8 hours Whatever time is needed 1 month 4 hours.
A properly functioning Scrum Team will have at least one release Sprint and may well have several. True False.
In the Sprint Planning meeting, the Product Owner and the Development Team were unable to reach a clear understanding about the highest order of Product Backlog items. Because of this, the Development Team couldn´t figure out how much functionality it could forecast for the upcoming Sprint. They were able to agree on a Sprint Goal, however.
Which of the following two actions should the Scrum Master support? - Ask everyone to take as much time as needed to analyze the Product Backlog first, and then reconvene another Sprint Planning meeting
- Forecast the most likely Product Backlog to meet the goal and create a Sprint Backlog based on a likely initial design and plan; once the time-box for the Sprint Planning meeting is over, start the Sprint and continue to analyze, decompose, and create additional functionality during the Sprint - Discuss in the upcoming Sprint Retrospective why this happened and what changes will make it less likely to happen again
- Cancel the Sprint, send the entire team to an advanced scrum training and then start a new Sprint - Continue the Sprint Planning meeting past its time-box until an adequate number of Product Backlog items are well enough understood for the Development Team to make a complete forecast; then start the Sprint
- Discuss in the upcoming Sprint Retrospective why this happened and what changes will make it less likely to happen again - Forecast the most likely Product Backlog to meet the goal and create a Sprint Backlog based on a likely initial design and plan; once the time-box for the Sprint Planning meeting is over, start the Sprint and continue to analyze, decompose, and create additional functionality during the Sprint
- Discuss in the upcoming Sprint Retrospective why this happened and what changes will make it less likely to happen again.
When is a Product Backlog item considered complete? When all defined tasks are complete When QA reports that it passes all acceptance criteria When it adheres to the definition of "Done" At the end of the Sprint.
Which statement is an incorrect assessment of the Development Team? It is self-organizing It is responsible for the Sprint Backlog It is cross-functional It is made up of fifteen members of various set of skills.
What does it mean for a Development Team to be cross-functional? The Development Team is a virtual team drawing from separate teams of business analysts, architects, developers, and testers The Development Team includes cross-skilled individuals who are able to contribute to do what is necessary to deliver an increment of software Developers on the Development Team work closely with business analysts, architects, developers, and testers who are not on the team The Development Team includes not only developers but also business analysts, architects, developers, and testers.
What is the recommended size for a Development Team within the Scrum Team? 6 plus or minus 3 3 plus or minus 1 15 plus or minus 3 9 plus or minus 2.
Which statement best describes the Sprint Backlog as an outcome of the Sprint Planning? Each task is estimated in hours It is the Development Team´s plan for the Sprint It is ordered by the Product Owner It is a complete list of all work to be done in a Sprint Every item has a designated owner.
The maximum duration of the Sprint is highly recommended to be: 5 days 10 days 15 days Less than a month.
As the Sprint Planning progresses, the workload has grown beyond the team´s capacity.
Which action makes most sense for the team? Work overtime for the Sprint Collaborate with the Product Owner and potentially remove or change items Cancel the Sprint Start the Sprint and recruit additional team members.
What does it mean to say that an event is timeiboxed? The event must take at least a minimum amount of time The event must happen by a given time The event must happen at a set time The event can take no more than a maximum amount of time.
What is the role of management in Scrum? Monitor the Development Team´s productivity. Continually monitor staffing levels of the Development Team. Support the Product Owner with insights and information into high value product and system capabilities. Support the Scrum Master to cause organizational change that fosters empiricism, self-organization, bottom-up intelligence, and intelligent release of software. To identify and remove people that aren’t working hard enough.
Using Scrum ensures that adding more resources to a project proportionally increases the value delivered. True False.
When a Development Team determines that it has over-committed itself for a Sprint, who has to be present when reviewing and adjusting the Sprint work selected? The Scrum Master, the project manager, and the Development Team The Development Team The Product Owner and the Development Team The Product Owner and all stakeholders.
Who is responsible for updating the work estimates during a Sprint? The Scrum Master The Development Team The Product Owner The most junior member of the team.
How much work must a Development Team do to a Product Backlog item it selects for a Sprint? As much as it has told the Product Owner will be done for every Product Backlog item it selects in conformance with the definition of done As much as it can fit into the Sprint. Any remaining work will be transferred to a subsequent Sprint. Analysis, design, programming, testing and documentation The best it can do given that it is usually impossible for QA to finish all of the testing that is needed to prove shippability.
The CEO asks the Development Team to add a “very important” item to the current Sprint. What should the Development Team do? Add the item to the current Sprint and drop an item of equal size Add the item to the next Sprint Inform the Product Owner so he/she can work with the CEO Add the item to the current Sprint without any adjustments.
A product Increment must be released to production at the end of each Sprint. False True.
Which two things does the Development Team not do during the first Sprint? Develop a plan for the rest of the project
Nail down the complete architecture and infrastructure Develop and deliver at least one piece of functionality
Develop a plan for the rest of the project Deliver an increment of potentially shippable functionality
Develop and deliver at least one piece of functionality.
What three techniques should the Scrum Master use when the Scrum Team gets caught in an internal disagreement about which development techniques to apply? Ask an external technical specialist to make the decision
Use coaching techniques like open questions and active listening
Involve the complete team Use coaching techniques like open questions and active listening
Involve the complete team
Consult with team members individually, carefully listening Send every team member to the company´s HR department to express their concerns
Ask an external technical specialist to make the decision
Use coaching techniques like open questions and active listening.
The time-box for the complete Sprint Planning meeting is: 8 hours for a monthly Sprint, proportionately less for shorter Sprints 4 hours Monthly Whenever it is done.
It is important that the product increment be released to production or shipped to customers at the end of each Sprint. True False.
The length of a Sprint should be: Short enough to keep the business risk acceptable to the Product Owner. Short enough to be able to synchronize the development work with other business events. No more than one month. All of these answers are correct.
Scrum does not have a role called “Project Manager.” True False.
Who has the last say on the order of the Product Backlog? The CEO The Development Team The stakeholders The Product Owner The Scrum Master.
The Product Backlog is ordered by: Safer items at the top to riskier items at the bottom Least valuable items at the top to most valuable at the bottom Small items at the top to large items at the bottom Items are randomly arranged Whatever is deemed most appropriate by the Product Owner.
What are two good ways for the Development Team to make non-functional requirements visible? Add them to the definition of "Done" so the work is taken care of every Sprint.
Add them to the Product Backlog and keep the Product Owner posted on the expected effort. Put them on a separate list on the Scrum board, available for all to see.
Add them to the Product Backlog and keep the Product Owner posted on the expected effort. Run the integration and regression tests before the end of the Sprint, and capture the open work for the Sprint Backlog of the next Sprint.
Put them on a separate list on the Scrum board, available for all to see.
Which statement best describes a Product Owner’s responsibility? Managing the project and ensuring that the work meets the commitments to the stakeholders Optimizing the value of the work the Development Team does Keeping stakeholders at bay Directing the Development Team.
Who is on the Scrum Team? The Scrum Master
The Product Owner
The Development Team The Project Manager
The Product Owner
The Development Team None of the above
The Project Manager
The Scrum Master.
Which of the below are roles on a Scrum Team? Product Owner
Customers Product Owner
Development team Users
A Scrum Master is keeping a list of open impediments, but it is growing and he/she has been able to resolve only a small portion of them. Which three techniques would be most helpful in this situation? Arrange a triage meeting with all other project managers
Alert management to the impediments and their impact
Consulting with the Development Team Alert management to the impediments and their impact
Consulting with the Development Team
Tell the Product Owner that scrum isn’t working Alert management to the impediments and their impact
Consulting with the Development Team
Prioritize the list and work on them in order Discuss the absence of management support with the Development Team
Arrange a triage meeting with all other project managers
Alert management to the impediments and their impact.
The reason the Scrum Master is at the Daily Scrum is: To write down any changes to the Sprint Backlog, including adding new items, and tracking progress on the burndown To make sure everyone answers the three questions in order of seniority He or she does not have to be there; he or she only has to ensure the Development Team has a Daily Scrum So he or she knows what to report to management.
Scrum Master is a “management” position. True False.
Which statement best describes the Sprint Review? It is when the Scrum Team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of the Sprint and figure out what to do in the upcoming Sprint It is a demo at the end of the Sprint for everyone in the organization to provide feedback on the work done It is a review of the team’s activities during the Sprint It is used to congratulate the sevelopment team if it did what it committed to doing, or to punish the Development Team if it failed to meet its commitments.
The maximum length of the Sprint Review (its time-box) is: 1 day 4 hours for a monthly Sprint; proportionally less for shorter Sprints 2 hours As long as needed.
Who is required to attend the Daily Scrum? The Development Team. The Development Team and Product Owner. The Scrum Team. The Development Team and Scrum Master. The Scrum Master and Product Owner.
Why is the Daily Scrum held at the same time and same place? Rooms are hard to book and this lets it be booked in advance The consistency reduces complexity and overhead The place can be named The Product Owner demands it.
Which statement best describes Scrum? A cookbook that defines best practices for software development A defined and predictive process that conforms to the principles of scientific management A complete methodology that defines how to develop software A framework within which complex products in complex environments are developed.
Which of the following is NOT a time-box in Scrum? Release retrospective, Release testing, Sprint retrospective, Sprint 0 Release testing, Sprint 0, Sprint retrospective, Sprint testing Sprint retrospective, Daily scrum, Sprint testing, Release testing Sprint planning meeting, Sprint testing, Release testing, Release retrospective Sprint 0, Sprint testing, Release testing, Release retrospective.
How is management external to the Scrum Team involved in the Daily Scrum? Management gives an update at the start of each Daily Scrum The Product Owner represents their opinions The Development Team self-manages and is the only management required at the Daily Scrum The Scrum Master speaks on their behalf.
Which answer best describes the topics covered in the Sprint Planning meeting? What to do and who will do it What went wrong in the last Sprint and what to do differently this Sprint Who is on the team and what team member roles will be What to do and how to do it How conditions have changed and how the Product Backlog should evolve.
When multiple teams are working together, each team should maintain a separate Product Backlog. True False.
When many Development Teams are working on a single product, what best describes the
definition of "Done?" Each Development Team defines and uses its own; the various differences are discussed and reconciled during the stabilization phase All Development Teams must have a definition of "Done" that when their work integrates results in a definition of "Done" that is potentially releasable Each Development Team uses its own but must make it clear to all other teams if there are differences It depends.
Sprint burndown charts are an efficient tracking tool because they show: How many Product Backlog items remain An estimate of the total work remaining for the Sprint. How many hours have been worked by each Development Team member How much effort has gone into a Sprint.
Which three purposes does the definition of “Done” serve? Create a shared understanding of when work is complete.
Guide the Development Team on how many Product Backlog items to select for the Sprint.
Increase transparency. Describe the work that must be done before the Sprint is allowed to end.
Describe the purpose, objective, and time-box of each Scrum event.
Increase transparency. Increase transparency.
Describe the work that must be done before the Sprint is allowed to end.
Create a shared understanding of when work is complete.
What are the benefits to the Scrum Development Team of self-organization? Management can blame people more easily
Increased creativity Increased commitment
Increased feeling of accountability.
Who owns the Sprint Backlog? The Development Team The Scrum Master The Scrum Team The Product Owner.
A new developer has joined an existing Scrum Team. He/she is having continuing conflicts with existing members and is making the environment hostile. If necessary, who is responsible for removing the new team member, and why? The Development Team is responsible because it is a self-managing team, although it may have to be advised by the Scrum Master The manager to whom he/she reports is responsible because he/she has authority for hiring and firing The Scrum Master is responsible because he/she needs to remove impediments The Product Owner is responsible because he/she controls the return on investment of the work.
What is the tactic a Scrum Master should use to divide a group of 100 people into multiple Development Teams? Create teams based on their skills across multiple layers (such as database, UI, etc.). Ask the Product Owner to assign the people to teams. Ask the developers to divide themselves into teams.
The Scrum Master should not allow the Product Owner to go to the Sprint Planning meeting without having already devised the Sprint Goal. True False.
Scrum is a methodology that tells in detail how to build software incrementally. True False.
Which best describes the Product Backlog? It is baselined to follow change management processes It provides just enough information to enable a Scrum Team to start the design phase of a product It contains all foreseeable tasks and requirements from which the Scrum Team can develop and maintain a complete project plan It is allowed to grow and change as more is learned about the product and its.
Which of the following is the Development Team not responsible for? Monitoring and optimizing the work required to meet the Sprint goal at least daily Resolving internal conflicts Selecting the Product Owner Monitoring and increasing productivity Planning how to meet a Sprint goal.