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EXAMEN COMPLEXIVO

INFORMACIÓN ESTADÍSTICAS RÉCORDS
REALIZAR TEST
Título del test:
EXAMEN COMPLEXIVO

Descripción:
EXAMEN COMPLEXIVO ONLINE PRIMER BIMESTRE 2021

Autor:
AVATAR

Fecha de Creación:
07/01/2021

Categoría:
Idiomas

Número preguntas: 132
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Temario:
1. En fonología, _____ se refiere a los cambios de sonido mediante los cuales una consonante cambia su tipo de voz de voz a voz, o viceversa, debido a la influencia de su entorno fonológico. a. Voicing b. Aspiración c. Modo de articulación.
2. Si estaba leyendo un texto desconocido, ¿Qué claves textuales lo ayudarían a determinar el período de tiempo aproximado en el que se estableció la historia? a. Qué edad tiene el libro, los nombres de los personajes y el tipo de comida que se come b. Realmente no hay forma de determinar el período de tiempo. Solo tienes que esperar a que el autor lo revele c. Ropa, patrones de habla, vocabulario y comportamiento.
3. The notion of this discipline is necessary for areas of cross-cultural communication, for correct use of language in general, because it is considered the goal of language education, and it is necessary element in efficient classroom practice. It refers to: a. Communicative Competence b. Linguistic competence c. Universal Grammar theory .
4. Choose the option that matches the information below. This term refers to the language used by people who work in a particular area or who have a common interest. It can be used to express ideas that are frequently discussed between members of a group, though it can also be developed deliberately using chosen terms. a. Slang b. Jargon c. Lexical competence.
5. Choose the letter of the answer that best completes the following sentence. They _____________ make sure patients’ records are accurate. This is one of their responsibilities. a. have got b. have got to c. must to.
6. Choose the correct answer. Syntactically, ____ is a large construction expressing full meaning and forming a grammatical unit. It has two main constituents: an NP that occupies the subject position, and a VP that functions as the predicate: a. A clause b. An statement c. A sentence .
7. Read the editorial. Then use the information to complete the activities that follow. Creating a Smartphone Monster 1 I remember it as if it were yesterday—walking through the front door of my mother’s house and shouting, “It’s here!” Mom poked her head out of the kitchen, rolled her eyes when she saw the smartphone packaging, and then disappeared again. Not the best start, I’ll admit. Still, I had done my research, and all the latest studies showed that it was very helpful for seniors to learn how to use new technology devices. So, I decided I would be the one to make it happen! 2 Hours later, I finally ensured that her email account and contacts were set up. I did not relent until we reviewed a few apps and figured out the all-important ringtone. It was a long night, but even as I left, I knew that my mother had only retained half of what I had told her (if I was lucky). It’s not that there’s anything wrong with her. In fact, she’s one of the smartest people I know. It’s just that she came from a generation that didn’t have mobile phones at all, let alone smartphones. This influx of information was all very new and confusing. 3 After a few days of phone calls, her anxiety slowly diminished until my mother finally stopped asking how to do every little thing on her phone. It wasn’t until I had the urge to go shopping with her that I became conscious of the monster I had created. You see, Mom was now a smartphone addict. She used her phone for everything. Should I wonder aloud about anything at all, she would twitch excitedly and say, “They have an app for that.” She was also suddenly a compulsive email checker—the same woman who used to go days at a time between email responses. 4 But her biggest dependency was her texting. My jaw dropped when I came out of a store and found her fingers moving at the speed of light. “Mom!” I called to her, but she was “in the zone” and the temptation to continue texting was apparently too great. (I learned later that she was discussing a recipe with Aunt Lucy.) Trying to get her attention, I reached for her phone, triggering what could only be described as the mother-daughter cat fight of the century—right in the middle of a shopping mall. All the while, she clutched her smartphone as if her life depended on it, screaming “Help!” at the top of her lungs. 5 Later, that evening, I told my husband about her smartphone dysfunction and how we would have to slowly wean her away from using it. Hopefully she wouldn’t have any withdrawal symptoms. I watched him literally cry from laughing so hard. “Don’t you see the humor in all of it?” he finally asked when he saw I wasn’t smiling. I think my silence answered his question. 1 app: application, or program for a mobile device According to the information, which of the following statements is false? a. The author believes her mother should not use her smartphone as much as she does. b. The author’s mother never really understands how her smart phone works. c. The author’s mother does not want the smartphone when the author gives it to her.
8. Voicing refers to: a. activity of the vocal cords b. movement of tongue inside the vocal tract c. audible escape of air following some consonant sounds.
9. Read and choose the correct definition of Instrumental Motivation. a. It is based on the desire to know more about the culture and community of the target language group and even a desire to be more like members of that group. b. It is essentially practical, such as need to learn the language in order to get a better job. c. It consists of a set of predetermined categories used to record and describe teaching and learning behaviours.
10. Choose the correct option for each sentence. a. Janice must not understand me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner. b. Janice must not have understood me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner. c. Janice mustn't have understood me when I said I wouldn't be home for dinner.
11. ____ Leslie had many birth defects. He had to have his eyes removed and did not stand until he was 12 years old. He had difficulty doing the same things that other people do not think about, such as swallowing food. Yet, Leslie is able to play a piece of music after hearing it only once. He is a true savant. a. Many people think Leslie Lemke is a musical genius. b. Leslie Lemke is a musical genius who has many disabilities. c. Leslie Lemke was adopted when he was six months old.
12. Read the editorial. Then use the information to complete the activities that follow. Creating a Smartphone Monster 1 I remember it as if it were yesterday—walking through the front door of my mother’s house and shouting, “It’s here!” Mom poked her head out of the kitchen, rolled her eyes when she saw the smartphone packaging, and then disappeared again. Not the best start, I’ll admit. Still, I had done my research, and all the latest studies showed that it was very helpful for seniors to learn how to use new technology devices. So, I decided I would be the one to make it happen! 2 Hours later, I finally ensured that her email account and contacts were set up. I did not relent until we reviewed a few apps1 and figured out the all-important ringtone. It was a long night, but even as I left, I knew that my mother had only retained half of what I had told her (if I was lucky). It’s not that there’s anything wrong with her. In fact, she’s one of the smartest people I know. It’s just that she came from a generation that didn’t have mobile phones at all, let alone smartphones. This influx of information was all very new and confusing. 3 After a few days of phone calls, her anxiety slowly diminished until my mother finally stopped asking how to do every little thing on her phone. It wasn’t until I had the urge to go shopping with her that I became conscious of the monster I had created. You see, Mom was now a smartphone addict. She used her phone for everything. Should I wonder aloud about anything at all, she would twitch excitedly and say, “They have an app for that.” She was also suddenly a compulsive email checker—the same woman who used to go days at a time between email responses. 4 But her biggest dependency was her texting. My jaw dropped when I came out of a store and found her fingers moving at the speed of light. “Mom!” I called to her, but she was “in the zone” and the temptation to continue texting was apparently too great. (I learned later that she was discussing a recipe with Aunt Lucy.) Trying to get her attention, I reached for her phone, triggering what could only be described as the mother-daughter cat fight of the century—right in the middle of a shopping mall. All the while, she clutched her smartphone as if her life depended on it, screaming “Help!” at the top of her lungs. 5 Later, that evening, I told my husband about her smartphone dysfunction and how we would have to slowly wean her away from using it. Hopefully she wouldn’t have any withdrawal symptoms. I watched him literally cry from laughing so hard. “Don’t you see the humor in all of it?” he finally asked when he saw I wasn’t smiling. I think my silence answered his question. 1 app: application, or program for a mobile device The editorial was written to explain how smartphones are ____. a. easy to get addicted it b. difficult to understand c. necessary for everyone .
13. The Affective Filter hypothesis embodies Krashen's view that a number of 'affective variables' play a facilitative, but non-causal, role in second language acquisition. Which are these variables? a. Personality, learning strategies and motivation b. Motivation, self-confidence and anxiety. c. Self-confidence, age and anxiety a. How to write a text b. How to interpret a text c. How to approach a text.
14. The Affective Filter hypothesis embodies Krashen's view that a number of 'affective variables' play a facilitative, but non-causal, role in second language acquisition. Which are these variables? a. Personality, learning strategies and motivation b. Motivation, self-confidence and anxiety. c. Self-confidence, age and anxiety.
15. la____ is a kind of secret language, for example, words are created in a kind of code nguage by “shifting” vowel and consonant sounds. a. Jargon b. Slang c. Pig latin.
16. Elige la opción correcta para cada oración a. Será mejor que nos pongamos en marcha pronto, o no llegaremos al juego a tiempo. b. Mejor nos ponemos en marcha pronto, o no llegaremos al juego a tiempo. c. Mejor nos ponemos en marcha pronto, o no llegaremos al juego a tiempo.
17. The following sentence contains a mistake. Choose the option that has the same sentence written correctly. Remember to check punctuation. If I do not like something I bought online, then I returned it. a. If I do not like something I bought online then I returned it. b. If I do not like something I bought online, then I return it c. If I do not like something I bought online then I return it.
18. Read the following statement and choose the correct alternative to complete it. A ____________ usually presents one main idea. The sentence that states the main idea is called a ____________. The following sentences support the topic sentence with ____________ like reasons or examples. a. topic sentence / supporting detail / questions b. paragraph / topic sentence / details c. sentence / draft / conclusion.
19. Which of the following is not an original contributor to the English language? a. French b. Russian c. Latin.
20. Read this introduction and choose the thesis statement. In our local area, there are many community service projects that young people can take part in. Of the opportunities which exist, some of the most important projects are those focusing on environmental protection. This is because raising awareness of environmental issues is one of the most important issues of our times. Beach cleanups are one way that young people can help the environment, but there are many other opportunities, too. a. Of the opportunities which exist, some of the most important projects are those focusing on environmental protection. b. Beach cleanups are one way that young people can help the Beach cleanups are one way that young people can help the environment, but there are many other opportunities, too. c. In our local area, there are many community service projects that young people can take part in.
21. Choose the correct option to complete the paragraph. When the substitute teacher entered the class yesterday, she didn't introduce herself so Maria said, "Who are you?" It was strange that Maria had to ask ________. a. who the substitute is b. who the substitute was c. who was the substitute.
22. It is a retelling activity which displays something (a story) that happened. Remember that it is not conceived as the story itself but rather the telling of the story which could be written or spoken. a. Interpretation b. Speech c. Narrative.
23. Which of the following is the term used to describe when some features of learner language stop changing over time? a. Linguistic freezing b. Fossilization c. Grammar Translation.
24. Please choose the correct answer from the choices presented. In literature, three main genres are distinguished: poetry, novel and drama; each of these main genres can be sub-divided into smaller genres like lyrics, sonnets and ballads for poetry. With these ideas in mind, choose the best description of the work titled “Robinson Crusoe” written by Defoe in the 18th century. a. Epic poem b. Narrative novel .c. Comedy .
25. It studies the nature and limits of human ability to produce speech sounds and describes the way these sounds are delivered. Besides, it studies the production of speech sounds. a. Acoustic phonetics b. Articulatory phonetics c. Mixed-ability phonetics.
26. This prosodic element refers to the use of melodic pattern of a language and includes rise and fall of the voice when speaking. It is true about: a. Intonation b. Pitch c. Accent.
27. ____ is the alternate use of two or more variables in the same conversation or sentence. It is traditionally considered a spoken, informal mode of speech but can also be found in writing. a. Accent b. Dialect c. Code-switching.
28. Identify the words that are pronounced with aspirated initial phonemes: a. vowel, train, plan, clay b. steak, blow, crab, frog c. take, cat, keep, pale.
29. Apply syntactic analysis on the sentence: Meg told Jane that her father was sick. a. The complementizer THAT can easily be omitted without changing the meaning of the sentence. b. The complementizer THAT introduces additional information to the sentence. c. The complementizer THAT cannot be delated because the meaning of the sentence could change. .
30. Lea la analogía y responda la siguiente pregunta. "Bloguear es otro ejemplo que se compara mejor con escribir una entrada de diario personal y publicarla para que el mundo la lea". ¿Qué punto está tratando de hacer el autor? a. una entrada de diario personal y el mundo b. La información personal se revela a través de los blogs. c. El mundo es mucho más grande de lo que crees.
31. If you were preparing to read a Historical piece of literature, which of the following would be the best question to ask before starting to read? a. Where and when does the story take place? b. How much wealth and social status does the main character have? c. What is the main characters relationship to the culture?.
32. Which of these are not considered to be a part of language? a. Self-talk and deep thoughts b. Body language and facial expressions c. Using Snap Chat on your phone.
33. Read the outline of a cause-and-effect essay. Then answer the questions. 1. Introductory Paragraph Thesis statement: “Starting a blog about a topic of interest can have many benefits, including organizing personal ideas and information, making friends whom share the same interest, and learning and sharing new information with others over time.” 2. Body paragraph 1: organizing personal ideas and information example: gardening 3. Body paragraph 2: making friends who share the same interest meeting people through comments 4. Body paragraph 3: learning and sharing new information with others over time solving problems through blog discussions 5. Concluding Paragraph What is the essay about? a. the benefits of gardening b. the benefits of searching the Internet c. the benefits of having a blog.
34. A standard for teaching pronunciation to non-native speakers of English is: a. Standard British b. Received, or BBC c. Standard American .
35. Cuando un hablante adulto simplifica, modifica y adapta deliberadamente su discurso de acuerdo con la edad, el estado, la educación o los antecedentes culturales de un compañero de habla, o mezcla dos o más idiomas en el mismo discurso, este fenómeno se llama: a. comportamiento del lenguaje b. non- standard language c. code switching.
36. Choose the option that contains the correct indirect form of the sentence below. Mary said, “I do not have any money now.” a. Mary said that she has not had any money that day. b. Mary said that she did not have any money now. c. Mary said that she did not have any money then. .
37. Please choose the correct answer from the choices presented. It implies the possible application of interpreting by means of performance as well as analysis. The resulting outlook may be an analysis of a text, a creative writing, or a critical reading. a. Speech b. Interpretation c. Narrative.
38. Choose the option that is not correct. a. Phonology studies human speech sounds, how these sounds are produced and methods for their classification. b. Phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages to encode meaning. c. Phonology is both physical and meaningful. .
39. Read this introduction and choose the thesis statement. Many people disagree with the idea of requiring students to participate in mandatory community service projects. They argue that such projects are ineffective because they are often short term. Moreover, they say that these projects may even discourage young people from volunteering of their own accord in the future. In this essay, I will explain why these objections are incorrect, and will provide a number of arguments in favor of mandatory community service projects. a. Many people disagree with the idea of requiring students to participate in mandatory community service projects. b. In this essay, I will explain why these objections are incorrect, and will provide a number of arguments in favor of mandatory community service projects. c. They argue that such projects are ineffective because they are often short term.
40. Read the paragraph. The underlined supporting detail is weak. For this underlined sentence, choose the best replacement that provides facts, examples, or explanations. Paragraph: Mount Everest has become an overcrowded, polluted tourist location. Too many people visit it every day. Many of these tourists are inexperienced climbers and do not belong there. The pollution at the site is getting worse all the time. Tourists leave behind items from their journey. The problem is that the tourists do not respect their environment. The government of Nepal plans to solve this problem. a. Tourists leave behind things they brought with them on their climb. b. Tourists leave behind items and other things from their trip. c. Tourists leave behind oxygen tanks, tents, and even food wrappers. .
41. Modifiers can be obligatory or optional. It depends on the role each constituent has within a sentence to determine the types of modifiers it includes. For instance, in the sentence: “Michael and Ana are considering to visit New York next month” New York works as a part of the… a. adjunct of the verb visit b. subordinator to link the verb and the object. c. complement of the verb visit.
42. What is the difference between Canon and Classic? a. Canon is a work by a famous author, Classic is on old book b. Canon is a great work that is worthy to be read by everyone, Classic is popular across cultural groups. c. Canon is an old written story, Classic is written in old English.
43. Elija las dos palabras que representan pares mínimos: a. nudo de madera - no enviado - olor a lago - rezar b. neblina - hileras de llamas - rosa oye - cabello rubio c. el ruido de la nariz podría, buena voluntad, buena cabra.
44. Some theories, models, and perspectives have different points of view of second language acquisition. Which of the following options refers to the statement that “Knowledge is constructed through interaction and collaboration with others”? a. The sociocultural perspective b. The behaviorist perspective c. The cognitive perspective.
45. Syntax establishes the use of three different types of sentences: simple, complex and compound. In regards to compound sentences, they are formed by two clauses linked by a connector. Hence, their structure would be… a. One dependent clause, a subordinator, and one independent clause b. One independent clause, a coordinating conjunction, and one dependent clause c. One independent clause, a coordinating conjunction, and one independent clause.
46. Read the paragraph. Then answer the questions that follow. _______. The place is never crowded, but the service is still terrible. It seems like the staff has better things to do than wait on customers. Once I waited ten minutes just to buy a slice of pizza, and I was the only person in the whole store! I recommend staying away from Billy Bob’s Pizzeria. Which is the topic sentence of this paragraph? a. Billy Bob’s Pizzeria has the worst pizza. b. Billy Bob’s Pizzeria is an unpopular place to eat. c. Billy Bob’s Pizzeria has terrible customer service.
47. Read the information below and complete the sentence. Clarification requests, Elicitation and Repetition are some techniques that teachers use as… a. Instructional approach. b. Observation schemes. c. Corrective feedback.
48. Choose the best topic sentence to complete the following paragraph. Generally speaking, zoos these days are losing popularity. Many people feel that it’s unfair to lock up wild animals to entertain humans. ________________________________ . Some zoos go to great lengths to build a good environment for its animals. The good zoos treat their animals well and provide opportunities for the public to learn about the natural world. The best zoos protect endangered species and raise awareness about animals and their habitats. a. Zoos perform a valuable service to society and should be part of every person’s childhood memory. b. Zoos are horrible places that should be shut down because it’s not humane to lock up wild animals. c. Zoos that do their best to make a pleasant habitat for the animals can be a pleasant place to visit.
49. It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds such as: their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. a. Voicing b. Phonology c. Phonetics.
50. Please choose the correct answer from the choices presented. It implies the possible application of interpreting by means of performance as well as analysis. The resulting outlook may be an analysis of a text, a creative writing, or a critical reading a. Narrative b. Interpretation c. Speech.
51. Choose the best topic sentence to complete the following paragraph. Generally speaking, zoos these days are losing popularity. Many people feel that it’s unfair to lock up wild animals to entertain humans. ________________________________ . Some zoos go to great lengths to build a good environment for its animals. The good zoos treat their animals well and provide opportunities for the public to learn about the natural world. The best zoos protect endangered species and raise awareness about animals and their habitats. a. Zoos are horrible places that should be shut down because it’s not humane to lock up wild animals. b. Zoos perform a valuable service to society and should be part of every person’s childhood memory. c. Zoos that do their best to make a pleasant habitat for the animals can be a pleasant place to visit. .
52. Choose the option that is not correct. a. Phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages to encode meaning. b. Phonology studies human speech sounds, how these sounds are produced and methods for their classification. c. Phonology is both physical and meaningful.
53. Read and choose the correct option. Chomsky´s concluded that children´s minds are not blank slates to be filled by imitating languages they hear in the environment. Which perspective claims the previous information? a. The Behaviorist perspective b. The Innatist perspective c. The developmental perspective.
54. It is essentially practical, such as need to learn the language in order to get a better job. Scheme. a. It consists of a set of predetermined categories used to record and describe teaching and learning behaviors b. It is based on the desire to know more about the culture and community of the target language group and even a desire to be more like members of that group. c. It is essentially practical; such as need to learn the language in order to get a better job.
55. Choose the correct option to complete the following paragraph. Nowadays, one of the most______ items found in the home is the sticking plaster. Protecting a cut by covering the affected area with a piece of material that sticks to the skin may seem a rather_____idea, so it is perhaps surprising to learn that the plaster was not _____until about ninety years ago. a. general, clear, invented b. common, obvious, invented c. frequent, evident, realized.
56. The following sentence contains a mistake. Choose the option that has the same sentence written correctly. Remember to check punctuation. a. If I do not like something I bought online, then I returned it. If I do not like something I bought online then I return it b. If I do not like something I bought online, then I return it c. If I do not like something I bought online, then I return it.
57. Lea la analogía y responda la siguiente pregunta. "Bloguear es otro ejemplo que se compara mejor con escribir una entrada de diario personal y publicarla para que el mundo la lea". ¿Qué punto está tratando de hacer el autor? a. El mundo es mucho más grande de lo que crees. b. una entrada de diario personal y el mundo c. La información personal se revela a través de los blogs.
58. Choose the correct option to complete the paragraph. When the substitute teacher entered the class yesterday, she didn't introduce herself so Maria said, "Who are you?" It was strange that Maria had to ask ________. a. who was the substitute b. who the substitute is c. who the substitute was.
59. Classify following organs of speech as articulators: a. alveolar ridge b. upper teeth c. tongue.
60. Please choose the correct answer from the choices presented. In literature, three main genres are distinguished: poetry, novel and drama; each of these main genres can be sub-divided into smaller genres like lyrics, sonnets and ballads for poetry. With these ideas in mind, choose the best description of the work titled “Robinson Crusoe” written by Defoe in the 18th century. a. Epic poem b. Narrative novel c. Comedy.
61. Read the paragraph. The underlined supporting detail is weak. For this underlined sentence, choose the best replacement that provides facts, examples, or explanations. Paragraph: Mount Everest has become an overcrowded, polluted tourist location. Too many people visit it every day. Many of these tourists are inexperienced climbers and do not belong there. The pollution at the site is getting worse all the time. Tourists leave behind items from their journey. The problem is that the tourists do not respect their environment. The government of Nepal plans to solve this problem. a. Tourists leave behind things they brought with them on their climb. b. Tourists leave behind oxygen tanks, tents, and even food wrappers. c. Tourists leave behind items and other things from their trip.
61. Choose the correct conditional sentence that expresses the same idea as the following information I´m so busy. That’s why I don’t read bedtime stories to my little girl. a. If I was so busy, I will read bedtime stories to my little girl. b. If I were so busy, I would read bedtime stories to my little girl. c. If I weren’t so busy, I would read bedtime stories to my little girl.
63. Choose the correct option to complete the paragraph. Marin had a difficult time living in Paris. She didn't have a job to keep her busy, and she also didn't speak the language, so it was hard for her. ________, she was homesick and didn't enjoy being away from all her friends and family. a. For instance b. Furthermore c. Afterwards.
64. Read the editorial. Then use the information to complete the activities that follow. Creating a Smartphone Monster 1 I remember it as if it were yesterday—walking through the front door of my mother’s house and shouting, “It’s here!” Mom poked her head out of the kitchen, rolled her eyes when she saw the smartphone packaging, and then disappeared again. Not the best start, I’ll admit. Still, I had done my research, and all the latest studies showed that it was very helpful for seniors to learn how to use new technology devices. So, I decided I would be the one to make it happen! 2 Hours later, I finally ensured that her email account and contacts were set up. I did not relent until we reviewed a few apps and figured out the all-important ringtone. It was a long night, but even as I left, I knew that my mother had only retained half of what I had told her (if I was lucky). It’s not that there’s anything wrong with her. In fact, she’s one of the smartest people I know. It’s just that she came from a generation that didn’t have mobile phones at all, let alone smartphones. This influx of information was all very new and confusing. 3 After a few days of phone calls, her anxiety slowly diminished until my mother finally stopped asking how to do every little thing on her phone. It wasn’t until I had the urge to go shopping with her that I became conscious of the monster I had created. You see, Mom was now a smartphone addict. She used her phone for everything. Should I wonder aloud about anything at all, she would twitch excitedly and say, “They have an app for that.” She was also suddenly a compulsive email checker—the same woman who used to go days at a time between email responses. 4 But her biggest dependency was her texting. My jaw dropped when I came out of a store and found her fingers moving at the speed of light. “Mom!” I called to her, but she was “in the zone” and the temptation to continue texting was apparently too great. (I learned later that she was discussing a recipe with Aunt Lucy.) Trying to get her attention, I reached for her phone, triggering what could only be described as the mother-daughter cat fight of the century—right in the middle of a shopping mall. All the while, she clutched her smartphone as if her life depended on it, screaming “Help!” at the top of her lungs. 5 Later, that evening, I told my husband about her smartphone dysfunction and how we would have to slowly wean her away from using it. Hopefully she wouldn’t have any withdrawal symptoms. I watched him literally cry from laughing so hard. “Don’t you see the humor in all of it?” he finally asked when he saw I wasn’t smiling. I think my silence answered his question. 1. app: application, or program for a mobile device. According to the information, which of the following statements is false? a. The author believes her mother should not use her smartphone as much as she does. b. The author’s mother does not want the smartphone when the author gives it to her. c. The author’s mother never really understands how her smartphone works.
65. Elija la opción correcta para completar la conversación. R: Son casi las 8 pm y John aún no está aquí. ¿Dónde está el? B: No lo sé. Él ________ a las 7 pm. a. se suponía que había llegado b. mejor llego c. debe haber llegado.
66. Read the editorial. Then use the information to complete the activities that follow. Creating a Smartphone Monster. 1 I remember it as if it were yesterday—walking through the front door of my mother’s house and shouting, “It’s here!” Mom poked her head out of the kitchen, rolled her eyes when she saw the smartphone packaging, and then disappeared again. Not the best start, I’ll admit. Still, I had done my research, and all the latest studies showed that it was very helpful for seniors to learn how to use new technology devices. So, I decided I would be the one to make it happen! 2 Hours later, I finally ensured that her email account and contacts were set up. I did not relent until we reviewed a few apps and figured out the all-important ringtone. It was a long night, but even as I left, I knew that my mother had only retained half of what I had told her (if I was lucky). It’s not that there’s anything wrong with her. In fact, she’s one of the smartest people I know. It’s just that she came from a generation that didn’t have mobile phones at all, let alone smartphones. This influx of information was all very new and confusing. 3 After a few days of phone calls, her anxiety slowly diminished until my mother finally stopped asking how to do every little thing on her phone. It wasn’t until I had the urge to go shopping with her that I became conscious of the monster I had created. You see, Mom was now a smartphone addict. She used her phone for everything. Should I wonder aloud about anything at all, she would twitch excitedly and say, “They have an app for that.” She was also suddenly a compulsive email checker—the same woman who used to go days at a time between email responses. 4 But her biggest dependency was her texting. My jaw dropped when I came out of a store and found her fingers moving at the speed of light. “Mom!” I called to her, but she was “in the zone” and the temptation to continue texting was apparently too great. (I learned later that she was discussing a recipe with Aunt Lucy.) Trying to get her attention, I reached for her phone, triggering what could only be described as the mother-daughter cat fight of the century—right in the middle of a shopping mall. All the while, she clutched her smartphone as if her life depended on it, screaming “Help!” at the top of her lungs. 5 Later, that evening, I told my husband about her smartphone dysfunction and how we would have to slowly wean her away from using it. Hopefully she wouldn’t have any withdrawal symptoms. I watched him literally cry from laughing so hard. “Don’t you see the humor in all of it?” he finally asked when he saw I wasn’t smiling. I think my silence answered his question. 1 app: application, or program for a mobile device. The author refers to the latest research studies in paragraph 1 to support her opinion that ____. a. her mother uses a smartphone too much b. new technology is developed all the time c. her mother should have a smartphone.
67. In imperative sentences, as in the examples: Come here! Close the door! Listen to me! the intonation is: a. Rising b. Neutral c. Falling.
68. Which of the following is true about universal grammar? a. It is an explanation of knowledge and learning that is based on the assumption that all learning is first social then individual. b. It is considered as innatist linguistic knowledge and argues that some grammar rules are hard-wired into the brain. c. It is an approach that emphasizes how the human mind receives, process, stores and retrieves information in learning and retrieving information. .
69. Complete: ____ is concerned with practical issues of language and communication. It deals with language acquisition, cognition and teaching methods; language testing and assessment. a. Language teaching b. Applied Linguistics c. Theoretical models of language and language use.
69. Choose the letter of the answer that best completes the following information. In order to show cause and effect, it is necessary to use two comparative adjectives; for example: a. The more enjoyable the meal, the more satisfied the customers. b. The Pizza Palace is just as old as Joe’s Pizzeria. c. A slice of pizza is getting more and more expensive.
71. Which statement best represents the idea of a ¨Culture¨? a. The art and music produced by a group of people b. The growth or cultivation of the minds of humans, in this moment and over time c. The written words produced by a group of people.
72. Choose the best answer from the choices. “universal grammar” theory implies that: _____________________. a. all humans create their own set of grammar rules to be able to communicate properly. b. there is a connection between speech and human relations and human understandings of the world. c. the ability to learn grammar is built into the human brain from birth regardless of language.
73. Lea y elija la definición correcta de motivación integradora. a. Se basa en el deseo de saber más sobre la cultura y la comunidad del grupo de idiomas de destino e incluso en el deseo de ser más como miembros de ese grupo. b. Consiste en un conjunto de categorías predeterminadas que se utilizan para registrar y describir comportamientos de enseñanza y aprendizaje. c. Es esencialmente práctico, como la necesidad de aprender el idioma para obtener un mejor trabajo. .
74. Read the information below and complete the sentence. Clarification requests, Elicitation and Repetition are some techniques that teachers use as… a. Corrective feedback. b. Observation schemes. c. Instructional approach.
75. Read the information below and choose the correct option. Nelly Ellis (2001) and others researchers have hypothesized that one of the most important variables in predicting success for learners in many language situations is the active processing of information. It is called: a. Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery (PLAB) b. Modern Language Aptitude Test (MLAT) c. Working Memory (WM).
76. Choose the option that contains the three errors in the following paragraph? At the moment, all five babies are sleeping and Mary wants to sleep too. All five babies sleep rarely at the same time. There usually is at least one baby up or crying. Mary looks in their room to make sure they are all OK. They are all sleeping, and they are looking beautiful. a. are sleeping / sleep / look b. sleep rarely / looks / are all sleeping c. sleep rarely / There usually is / are looking.
77. Applied Linguistics is usually defined by linguists as the academic discipline that is concerned with the relation of knowledge about language in general to decision making in the real world, and it is because it: a. expands the knowledge about the world languages b. offers solutions to language – related problems c. represents one of the requirements for students previous to become efficient teachers.
78. Which of the following is correct: a. Literature is confined to historical documentation of a group of people b. Language, Literature and Culture are completely different aspects of Human existence c. Language and Literature are used to express and share Culture.
79. Choose the correct option for each sentence. a. Sharon will have to retake the course before she can get her degree b. Sharon is going to has to retake the course before she can get her degree. c. Sharon will has to retake the course before she can get her degree .
80. Read the next pairs of sentences. Which sentence pair can be joined with “even though”? a. The scientist visited Antarctica. He had to leave his family. b. The scientist was careful. Her work was important. c. Scientists want to visit Antarctica. There are many things to study.
81. Why may Sociolinguistics be interesting for educators? Choose the option that does not answer the previous question. a. Sociolinguistics may help understand the development and changes of Languages b. Because Standard English belongs exclusively to certain English speaking countries. c. Teachers must know the fact that there is dialect variation in the target language just as there is in their native language. All language teaching implies the best dialect (standard) to teach. .
82. In the clause “It is a beautiful day to take a walk”, “ful” modifies the noun “beauty”, changing its word category type. This is an example of how ______work. a. inflectional suffixes b. derivational prefixes c. derivational suffixes .
83. Read the outline of a cause-and-effect essay. Then answer the questions. 1. Introductory Paragraph Thesis statement: “Starting a blog about a topic of interest can have many benefits, including organizing personal ideas and information, making friends who share the same interest, and learning and sharing new information with others over time.” 2. Body paragraph 1: organizing personal ideas and information example: gardening 3. Body paragraph 2: making friends who share the same interest meeting people through comments 4. Body paragraph 3: learning and sharing new information with others over time solving problems through blog discussions 5. Concluding Paragraph What is the essay about? a. the benefits of gardening b. the benefits of searching the Internet c. the benefits of having a blog.
84. Read the paragraph. Then answer the questions that follow. Gilles Tréhin is an interesting savant who created an imaginary city in his head. Gilles has drawn hundreds of sketches to provide the details of this city, which he named “Urville.” He has been able to draw three-dimensional objects since he was five years old. He has also written history of Urville and published a book about the city. Gilles is an example of a savant who lives in his own world. What is the topic sentence of the paragraph? a. Gilles Tréhin is an interesting savant who created an imaginary city in his head. b. Gilles has drawn hundreds of sketches to provide the details ofthis city, which he named “Urville.” c. He has been able to draw three-dimensional objects since he was five years old.
85. According to some grammarians, there are three types of ____: Simple, Compound, and Complex a. clauses b. functions of grammar c. sentences.
86. Choose the option that contains the correct indirect form of the sentence below. Mary said, “I do not have any money now.” a. Mary said that she did not have any money now. b. Mary said that she has not had any money that day. c. Mary said that she did not have any money then. .
87. According the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis (CAH), which of the following may be one of the causes of learners’ errors? a. Students transfer knowledge their first language to their new language. b. Student´s did not practice the correct forms enough to make the habit c. Students did not pay close enough attention to the languages structures they were taught. .
88. Which of the following is correct: a. Literature is confined to historical documentation of a group of people b. Language and Literature are used to express and share Culture c. Language, Literature and Culture are completely different aspects of Human existence .
89. Local dialects or accents are often useful in literature because: a. It is more romantic to hear someone speak with an accent b. It allows the reader to understand sarcasm and humor c. It allows the reader to know something about the person without having to state it.
90. Elija la aplicación más adecuada de Sociolingüística para la educación: a. Proporciona una descripción de las variaciones del lenguaje y explica los cambios del lenguaje a través del tiempo. b. Explica el proceso de adquisición del lenguaje y los problemas relacionados con el bi y el multilingüismo. c. Se centra en el papel del comportamiento del lenguaje para la educación y la adquisición del lenguaje.
91. The following excerpt contains two errors. Choose the option that has the same excerpt written correctly. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on sale last month, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until the band is appearing on The Nightly Show. a. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on salelast month, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until theband is appearing on The Nightly Show. b. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on sale last month, and it had been selling poorly in the first two weeksuntil the band appeared on The Nightly Show. c. The new album by the band The White Bears is going on sale lastmonth, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until theband appeared on The Nightly Show.
92. Read the context of the paragraph and choose the correct option to complete it. I can’t believe you forgot ___________ the proposal for the conference. Now we can’t present the results of our study until the next year! You should’ve paid better attention to the deadlines! a. submitting b. submit c. to submit .
93. The clause “Anabelle is laying on her bed” belongs to the type of copula verb called: a. Ascriptive b. Locative c. Equative.
94. By June, I’ll have been working for seven months. What tense is the example above in? a. Future progressive. b. Future Perfect c. Future perfect progressive.
95. Subcategorization can be different for each verb. For instance, the example “Marcia went to the bakery” belongs to the subcategorization rule in which… a. Verbs are followed by a motion phrase. b. Verbs are followed by present-participial verb phrases. c. Verbs are followed by a noun phrase and an adjective phrase. .
96. Choose the option that does NOT fit the category of language–related problems: a. scientific description and classifications of world languages b. translation, interpretations, language usage in general, literary genres and styles, machine translation c. use and analysis of language variations, dialects, registers, and language codes.
97. Read the text about “Love of Language”, answer the following question. Choose the correct option. LOVE OF LANGUAGE 1 Speaking as an American, I'm glad that English is a global language. This means I can usually talk to people in many places in Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. At the same time, I sometimes feel embarrassed when I compare myself to people who know two or three languages. I feel kind of inferior compared to them. At least I've learned some different dialects of English and I understand how English is used in different parts of the world. 2 I'd still like to learn at least one other language—Japanese. Next year, I'm planning to teach English in Japan, and I want to be able to make friends with the people there. I know that a lot of Japanese speak English fluently, but I definitely want to learn about their culture, including their slang and maybe a little profanity! 3 I also want to understand Japanese proverbs more deeply. One famous proverb goes something like this. Fall seven times, stand up eight. I'd like to hear that proverb in Japanese and talk about its meaning with a native speaker. Talking with a Japanese person about it will be much more interesting than reading about proverbs in a book. 1. Which sentence best describes the writer's attitude toward English and other languages? a. Knowing other languages is more important than knowing English is. b. It is convenient to speak English but also important to know other languages. c. English speakers don't really need to learn other languages.
98. Read the following description, then match it to the corresponding hypothesis. It is a metaphorical barrier that prevents language acquisition a. The Affective Filter hypothesis b. The Acquisition-Learning hypothesis c. The Natural Order hypothesis.
99. Complete the following statement: In phonological analysis, segmental features refer to which correspond fairly well to vowel and consonant sounds. a. morphemes b. clusters c. phonemes.
100. Read The information below and choose the correct option. The error “She is a lady beautiful” made by Spanish speakers who is learning English is an example of: a. Interference error b. Instruction error c. Processing error.
101. The supra-segmental aspects of speech are represented by: a. consonants and vowels b. single vowels, voiced and voiceless consonants c. stress, length, pitch, tone.
102. What is the meaning of the following sentence? By the end of this month, our company will have been doing computer repairs for three years. a. The team started their business almost three years ago. b. The team will continue offering computer services for three more years. c. The team will start doing new computer services.
103. Choose the words that present vowel reduction phenomenon: a. bottle, window, sky, cake b. bag, tone, pitch, star c. nation, certain, student, pencil.
104. Choose the option that matches with the following statements: “English has both regular and irregular verb forms, together with regular and irregular noun plural forms”, “English language has formal and informal greeting forms”, “Reduced forms are present in informal spoken language”. a. Register b. Prescriptive approach to language study c. Descriptive approach to language study.
105. Read the entire story. Use the information to choose the correct answers. Tim Stark was a busy and successful management consultant in New York City. He was under a lot of stress from his job. His back hurt. To relax on weekends, Tim started growing tomatoes in his apartment. First he grew a few tomatoes. Then he grew more. A year later, his apartment was full of 3,000 healthy red tomato plants! Then, one day, Tim made a decision that needed a lot of courage. He quit his management consultant job to become a farmer. Now Tim raises a variety of crops on a small farm in Pennsylvania, two hours away from New York. He is still under a lot of stress: he often works until sunset, and has a lot of responsibilities, such as watering his crops, harvesting them, and bringing them to the market in his old white truck. Tim says his back still hurts, but he likes living close to nature and working in his fields. Tim believes being a farmer has many advantages. “My tomatoes need me, and I need them,” he says. Tim’s favorite part of being a farmer is probably . a. working until sunset b. driving his truck c. walking in his fields.
106. Choose the option that best completes the following statement: _____ claim that children are born with a “sort of template” which enables them to acquire language a. Sophists b. Behaviorists c. Structuralists.
107. Aspiration refers to: a. Audible escape of air following some consonant sounds b. activity of the vocal cords c. movement of tongue inside the vocal tract.
107. According the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis (CAH), which of the following may be one of the causes of learners’ errors? a. Students transferred knowledge their first language to their new language. b. Student´s did not practice the correct forms enough to make them a habit c. Students did not pay close enough attention to the languages structures they were taught.
109. For the purposes of Culture and literature, this concept implies the possible application of interpreting by means of performance as well as analysis. a. Answering b. Interpretation c. Historical context .
110. Read the statement and choose the correct option. One of the learners characteristics in the process of learning a foreign or second language is personality. In fact, the predisposition of learners toward or away from communicating in a second/foreign language involve social, individual, situational, and motivational factors. It refers to________________________________. a. Modified interaction b. Willingness to communicate c. Cognitive maturity .
111. Which of the following sentences is correct? a. We will have completed already our research by Monday. b. We will not have taken yet the final exam. c. We’ll already have finished by then. .
112. What are tag questions used for? a. To reject information. b. To check information. c. To protect information .
113. Choose the best answer for the following sentence. What should be about the student lounge? a. do b. did c. done.
114. Which of the types of questions are best to ask when analyzing a text? a. Who, what, where, when, why, how, what if b. Why was this story written? c. Is this story interesting and would I recommend it to another person? .
115. Read the text about “Love of Language”, answer the following question. Choose the correct option. LOVE OF LANGUAGE 1 Speaking as an American, I'm glad that English is a global language. This means I can usually talk to people in many places in Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. At the same time, I sometimes feel embarrassed when I compare myself to people who know two or three languages. I feel kind of inferior compared to them. At least I've learned some different dialects of English and I understand how English is used in different parts of the world. 2 I'd still like to learn at least one other language—Japanese. Next year, I'm planning to teach English in Japan, and I want to be able to make friends with the people there. I know that a lot of Japanese speak English fluently, but I definitely want to learn about their culture, including their slang and maybe a little profanity! 3 I also want to understand Japanese proverbs more deeply. One famous proverb goes something like this. Fall seven times, stand up eight. I'd like to hear that proverb in Japanese and talk about its meaning with a native speaker. Talking with a Japanese person about it will be much more interesting than reading about proverbs in a book. Which example best supports the opinion that knowing a language is the key to knowing a culture? a. The writer wants to learn Japanese to understand people, proverbs, and slang. b. The writer learned different dialects of English while traveling around the world. c. The writer feels inferior to people who know several languages and cultures.
116. Choose one of the alternatives that best answers the question. In a study of grammatical morpheme acquisition, it was shown that the use of morphemes acquired at a later date, indicates earlier morphemes have been mastered, but the reverse is not true. This suggests which of the following? a. There is a developmental sequence in first language morpheme acquisition. b. Morphemes whose sounds are harder to perceive or which are difficult to pronounce are learned later. c. Children learn the easiest morphemes first and then progress to more difficult ones.
117. Complete the following sentence: It might __________ fixed by the summer. a. be b. is c. being.
118. When student has difficulties with language behavior, it can be manifested through: a. Uncontrolled code switching or incorrect use of grammatical rules b. Lack of motivation for language learning and disruptive behavior during the class c. Problems with language and speech development and production.
119. What is the meaning of the following verb: turn down ? a. move b. reject c. try.
120. What is the meaning of the following sentence? My parents ought to have move away from that neighborhood. a. They’re are going to move, but they’re not sure when. b. Moving was a good idea, but they didn’t do it. c. There are moving away next week.
121. It refers to the area of understanding where he or she can move to the next level with help from another person. a. Zone of Proximal Development b. Information Processing Model c. The Input hypothesis.
122. Choose the correct transition to connect the ideas for the next sentence. Sentence: The amount of polar ice has been decreasing. _______ , the polar bear has lost part of its natural environment. a. Therefore b. Because c. Since.
123. What is the meaning of the following sentence? They got me to do research on tropical birds. a. I agreed to do the research. b. I didn’t agree to do the research. c. They forced me to do the research.
124. The following excerpt contains two errors. Choose the option that has the same excerpt written correctly. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on sale last month, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until the band is appearing on The Nightly Show. a. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on sale last month, and it had been selling poorly in the first two weeks until the band appeared on The Nightly Show. b. The new album by the band The White Bears is going on sale last month, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until the band appeared on The Nightly Show. c. The new album by the band The White Bears had gone on sale last month, and it had selling poorly in the first two weeks until the band is appearing on The Nightly .
125. Which of the following is not a type of Literature? a. Twitter b. Oral Story telling c. Talking on a cell phone.
126. Literature is an important part of any Educational System because: a. It´s often funny or entertaining b. It conveys the beliefs, behaviors and ideas of a cultural group c. It often shows the errors of a cultural group.
127. Local dialects or accents are often useful in literature because: a. It allows the reader to understand sarcasm and humor b. It allows the reader to know something about the person without having to state it c. It is more romantic to hear someone speak with an accent.
128. There are various types of non-finite clauses which are distinguished mainly by what type of finite clause they modify. Thus, the sentence “The man reading the newspaper didn’t hear my song” illustrates the following structure: a. Reduced adverbial nonfinite clause. b. Reduced relative nonfinite clause. b. Reduced relative nonfinite clause.
129. Decide the best answer to the following statement: The whole time she was talking, I_____________about asking her on a date. a. think b. thought c. was thinking.
130. Read and choose the correct definiton of Classroom Observation Scheme. a. It consists of a set of predetermined categories used to record and describe teaching and learning behaviours b. It is essentially practical, such as need to learn the language in order to get a better job. c. It is based on the desire to know more about the culture and community of the target language group and even a desire to be more like members of that group.
131. Complete the following statement: The articulatory properties of vowels differ in several aspects from those of consonants, mainly in the degree of vocal tract opening. It refes to: a. Acoustic difference b. Suprasegmental aspects c. Physiological difference.
132. Read the history. Choose the correct option to complete it. I worked in an international office whit co-worker who speak several different dialects of English. Sometimes we teach each other different 1. _________ expressions that are used like Toronto, Canada, and Sydney, Australia. Most of co-workers are quite talkative, so we have very interesting conversations. However, one co-worker is a/an 2. ________ He doesn’t like to talk much, but hi is quite assertive. When some people start to use 3. ______, he tells them to stop. a. Profanity 2. exception. 3 slang b. slang 2. profanity. 3 exception. c. Slang 2. Exception 3. Profanity.
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