|note taking is an activity to be performed when we want to work with listening activities intermediate beginning advanced.
a teacher wishing to aplly a dictation text would normally select a lenght of approximately 200-250 words 100-150 words 300-350 words.
according to the book the best age for gaining accuracy in pronunciation is after 12 between 7 and 11 before 6.
which of the following would the teacher respond when encountering the Comprehension Approach to language learning who goes along with the lines of reasoning set forth by Nation & Newton? disagreement agreement apathy.
typical activities in this strand include extensive reading shared reading lisntening to stories wathcing TV and being a listener in a conversation meaning-focused input fluency meaning-focus output.
a teacher wishing to apply retelling exercise would need to produce which of the following? a listening exercise for each individual student to listen to before starting the task a Chinese whispers story to pass around the class a text for the students to read.
padded questions do which of the following? give a lot of listening practice with a minimal language response allow for long questions followed by short answers cushion the blow of anxiety when dealing with listening activities.
a teacher using a Dictogloss activity is carrying out an exercise which is a variation of dictation unrelated to dictation the same as dictation.
it was described many benefits of delaying speaking and concentrating on listening. Which one of the following refers to these benefits? practicing speaking so students are challenged to produce the language taking a listening and speaking course so you are ready to receive and produce the language doing listening activities because receptive knowledge grows faster than productive knowledge.
when a learner makes a pronunciation mistake and the teacher wants to correct it quicky the teacher says a sentence and she stops before a word tha gives the learners problems... the teacher explains the way rhythm works in an English sentence and gives models... the teacher repeats the word correctly several times with ordinary stress and intonation...
it is understood by teachers that if a learner begins to speak the foreing language after the age of twelve there is normally a great or noticeable accent there is normally little or no accent it is normally an irrelevant factor with their accent.
an oral reproduction activity involves the teacher doing what? providing the students with the written clues of what it is they need to reproduce providing the learners with online listening exercises to reproduce in class saying a dialogue only once and having the learner repeat it correctly.
a technique which a language teacher could employ in order to give a guided listening activity could be what is it? simon says hangman.
the following are the steps required for a Dictogloss Activity which is the correct order teachers have to follow to performs them? preparation, listenign and note taking, text comparison between groups, text reconstruction in groups, listening for meaning Preparation, text comparison between groups, listening and note-taking, text reconstruction in groups, listening for meaning Preparation, listening for meaning, listening and note-taking, text reconstruction in groups, text comparisons between groups .
a new teacher should be aware that it is absolutely crucial that a dictation text is constructed by... advanced vocabulary new vocabulary known vocabulary.
a critical aim for a teacher conducting a beginner's language course according to Nation & Newton should be to motivate the students in their language study get them to understand advanced grammar structures advance and get students to use material aimed at intermediate level students as soon as possible.
the usual criterion for pronunciation that a learner should be striving for is which of the following? understanding and ability perfect accent and understanding intelligibility and identity.
a teacher carrying out an oral cloze exercise would be aware that when dealing with beginners it is enterily appropiate to do which of the following? give the answers prior to the activity in order to speed-up the exercise write the answers on the board so that the students can guess get the students working in pairs to help one another out.
pinciple 2 for teaching beginner "interest" of the MINUS acronym could involve a teacher organizing... dictation exercises grammar exercises activities the involve movement.
the balanced use of the four strands in a language course is justified by the activities performed the time-on-task principle research on teaching.
the common sense approach is also important because the way of learning each of the language skills is the same different always the same.
when dealing with pronunciation it is evident to teachers that it should be left develop in a natural manner- this will make it much more native-speaker like the younger the student the more important to focus on correct pronunciation- lay the groundwork early and the rewards will be repeated later the older the student the more important to give some direct attention-there could be interference from their first language.
when teaching sentence stress, a teacher should be able to communicate to the students which of the following theorical issues? the place of stress in an English sentence depends on the relative importance of the different words in the sentence learners should not be preoccupied with stress because it cannot change the meaning of sentences merely the intelligibility can alter it is quite uncommon that nouns, adjectives, main verbs or adverbs are given strong stress-pronouns are the most common.
which of the following would be an accurate explanation by a teacher of what is the phonological loop? an interactive activity a series of listening activities the brain saying a word or phrase over and over to ifself in order to remember it.
a teacher following the pedagogical principles for language learning laid-out by Nation (1993) should allow for the repeated coverage of the most useful ... the use of "realia" materials taken from real-life work used to provide students with an eclectic amount of information and providing plenty of imput the use of controlled and simplified material focusing on high frequency items and providing plenty of input at the same level the use of controlled and simplified material with a balanced focus on a variety of items and provinding plenty of input at the same.
the learners have a copy of the dictation test in front of them. They work in small groups with one person in the group reading the dictation for the others to write it peer dictation guided dictation dictation for a mixed class.
a teacher who follows the same line of thoughts as Nation & Newton would claim that the experience and attitudes of the... not affect the learning of the sound system of another language affect the learning of the sound system of another language be regarded as irrelevant when learning the sound system of another language.
an exercise in which the teacher uses a text, which is read several times, them students ask questions about it while ... pre-dictation reading listening.
when planning a listening and speaking programme for beginners the director should be aware that there should be regular opportunities for increasing amounts of meaning-focused listening input early in the ... meaning focused output is the desire of the students and should be tackled head on at the earliest opport... fluency will only come from speaking with native speakers-a preference should be given to contracting...
if students are given a dialogue to produce and are asked to write some texts, they are learning through ... language items and language features meaning-focused input meaning-focused output.
typical activities in this strand include extensive reading, shared reading, listening to stories, watching TV or films, and being a listener in a conversation meaning-focused input fluency meaning-focus output.
if I were looking to focus on form rather than meaning which of four strands would I use to do this? language-focused learning fluency meaning-focused input.
which of the four skills of learning a language does Numan claim is least understood? listening writing speaking.
In guided dictation the objective of writing main words on the board as
they appear in the text is give.. The opportunity to pay attention to difficult words students cue words to get the text dictated the chance of getting whole phrases from dictation.
Nation & Newton claim there are how many listening processes? 3 2 1.
Delayed copying uses which of the following skills? Listening and writing Reading and speaking Reading and writing.
Why are the opportunities for language learning called strands?
Because… hey are separated from the main aim of learning a language they can be seen as long continuous sets of learning conditions that run
throughout the whole course hey are designed to entangle and confuse the student into learning.
According to the text, the conditions for teaching and learning is one of
the factors that affect the learning of listening another sound system grammar.
A teacher carrying our an oral cloze exercise would be aware that when
dealing with beginners it is entirely appropriate to do which of the
Write the answers on the board so that the students can guess Get the students working in pairs to help one another out Give the answers prior to the activity in order to speed-up the exercise.
Principle 2 of the M.I.N.U.S acronym (Interest) could involve a teacher
organising… world geography lessons field trips history lessons.
It is said that the experiences and attitude of the learner influences on the
learning of pronunciation. One of the important factors is the…..... quantity of English lessons taken by the student number of years that the student has lived in a foreign country native English teachers the learner has had.
The activity in which there is a small amount of written language and
learners have to reproduce the message they hear in a new form, is
called… Information transfer Listen and choose Supporting listening.
When following Nation & Newton´s principles of early classes of a
beginner´s course for uneducated adult migrants in the USA one could
include which of the following early on? Phrases for talking about the culture of your homeland Phrases for talking about job aspirations Phrases and vocabulary for everyday life.
A trainee teacher preparing an English course for beginners should keep
in mind that the material and style used should… be the same regardless of age and ability factors neglect educational level and keep it simple at all times be flexible depending on whom you are teaching.
A teacher wishing to follow the instructions of Nation & Newton would
know it is a good idea to do which of the following when attempting to fit
pronunciation into a course? Regularly set aside a special time or focus on pronunciation only
occasionally Regularly set aside a special time Focus on pronunciation only occasionally.
A teacher who wishes to follow the pedagogical principles suggested by Nation (1993) may attempt to support and push learners to produce spoken and written output in a variety of appropriate genres. Which of the following would be an appropriate activity for doing this? Extended reading tasks Online listening activities Role plays.
The activities for Meaning-focused Listening have some features as
students are able to understand what they are listening to, the material is
at the right level of students, among others. Which is the characteristic
that does not belong tothis type of activities?
There is small quantity of input There is a little bit of deliberate attention given to language features There are a few unfamiliar or partly unfamiliar items.
The advantage of working the activity called “identifying sounds” is
that… The learners can pronounce with their eyes shut There are various ways of responding in this activity All the class can practice and the teacher can see who is able to hear the
In a beginners course students are motivated in their language use by engaging them in successful listening and speaking tasks helping them to cope with meaning focused output providing them with easy activities so they do not find any difficulty.
When teaching new sounds it is advisable to explain how to make the
sound, show its written form, or force learners to make the correct sound More help can be given to help learners to make sounds All of this is enough for copying the pronunciation of the sound Making new sounds can be accomplished just by repeating sounds.
The teacher chooses the grammar words of a text and writes them on the
board keeping the same order they appeared in the text, then he/she
reads the text but first he/she asks the students to pay attention to the
dictation in order to identify the difficult words of the text. This type of
exercise belongs to the type of dictation called… one chance dictation dictation of long phrases
From what we know about learning, meaning-focused listening typically
emphasises a… Bottom-up approach Top-down approach Mixed-methods approach.
Achieving native-speaker like pronunciation for adult learners would be
considered which of the following?
Possible only in very few circumstances Very possible depending on the quality of the teacher Impossible, this can only be achieved with child learners.
Which of the following would be a psychological benefit has highlighted by
Gary & Gary (1981) of having beginners focus on listening activities? They will feel comfortable with the grammar activities which helps them
with their listening They will feel confident to communicate with native speakers They will not feel anxious or nervous about class.
Which of the following is a key principle of the four strands that should be
applied by all language teachers? The teacher should always provide large amounts of comprehensible input
through both listening and reading The teacher should increase the amount of comprehensible input
depending on age and level of the students The teacher should limit the amount of comprehensible input so as to
avoid overload with the students.
Teachers who have read the advice of Nation & Newton would know that
when planning a listening and speaking programme for beginners… meaning-focused input is redundant meaning-focused input is key.
focus should be made on advanced grammar learning.
Which of the following would be an example of supporting listening? Add a list of words or pictures for learners to see whilst they listen Giving the students encouragement and moral support via verbal
communication Listening to a specially designed radio show with native speakers talking in
simplified slower speech.
A teacher going along with the notions of Nation & Newton would claim
that the most effective way of testing a learner´s pronunciation is… to observe and record the learner performing in a variety of situations to have an end of year pronunciation exam with an external source to have one off pronunciation tests.
If a learner was to convey messages by language a teacher would use an exercise associated with which strand of a language
course? Meaning-focused output. Language-focused learning. Fluency.
The main focus in the principle for teaching beginners “Focus on meaningful and relevant content” refers to... language that the learners can use quickly for their purposes. talk about things that happened outside school. focus on grammar and vocabulary.
Nation & Newton claim that which of the following is a key learning strategy? strategies. Captivation strategies. Communication strategies.
In a meaning-focused input activity, the teacher should attempt to create exercises which focus the learner ́s interest on gaining
knowledge, understanding and... reaching perfection. experiencing enjoyment. mastering grammar.
When deciding what to teach in a listening course, the planner has to think on: a variety of issues, among them, age, purpose for learning, their educational background, English experience with,
and the context: EFL or ESL. ---.
Retelling uses which of the following skills? Listening and speaking. Reading and speaking. Reading and listening.
According to Nation & Newton which of the following would be an appropriate way of teaching intonation? Listening to music in English. Copying the teacher. The learners can design their own drawings of intonation patterns to teach themselves.
In Nation & Newton ́s “learning goals” the “S” part of the acronym L.I.S.T would be associated with which of the following? The teacher giving a learner some activities to study for homework. language skills such as listening, writing, fluency in using known answers. An activity aimed at fostering skills such as accuracy or fluency.
The balanced use of the four strands in a language course is justified by the time-on-task principle research on teaching the activities performed.
A teacher wishing to apply a version of oral reproduction would use which of the following activities? Read-and-look-up. Dictogloss. Disappearing text.
When planning a listening and speaking programme for beginners the director should be aware that... meaning-focused output is the desire of the students and should be tackled head on at the earliest opportunity. there should be regular opportunities for increasing amounts of meaning-focused listening input early in the course. fluency will only come from speaking with native speakers – a preference should be given to contracting them to
work in the programme.
It would be true to say that receptive activity alone is ____________for language learning. abundant adequate not-sufficient.
An exercise in which the teacher uses a text, which is read several times, then students ask questions about it while the teacher
checks understanding of all the words, it is a ......... exercise. listening pre-dictation reading.
A teacher who follows the same line of thoughts as Nation & Newton would claim that the experience and attitudes of the learner
can... affect the learning of the sound system of another language. not affect the learning of the sound system of another language. be regarded as irrelevant when learning the sound system of another language.